What’s New at One of the World’s Most Popular Collections of Risk Databases
RiskWorld has delved into a national treasure trove of human health and environmental data that once was the domain of risk analysts and other professionals but is increasingly used by nursing moms, hobbyists, homemakers, and other consumers. In her upcoming two-part series, Evans examines the recent expansion of topics and accessibility of these resources, offering readers an overview of what’s new, what’s often overlooked, and what’s the most popular of the online databases at the National Library of Medicine’s TOXNET (TOXicology Data NETwork) web site, which is available at no charge to the public and professionals alike.
Pertti (Bert) Hakkinen, the acting head of the National Library of Medicine’s Office of Clinical Toxicology in the Specialized Information Services division, which oversees some of the databases, said that NLM staff members have been working hard to expand both the range of data available and its accessibility. “Our databases get accessed quite a bit by users around the world, but we’d like to increase awareness among risk professionals, the general public, and others.” Hakkinen said. “Our staff has worked hard at making our resources more accessible online, and we’re thoughtfully and continually expanding the breadth and depth of what we offer – we are in the process of adding one on toxicology-related resources for 3-D printing.”
The National Library of Medicine’s resources range from its Household Products Database, which identifies the chemicals used in over 14,000 consumer products and provides access to potential health effects information of each chemical, to LactMed, which tells nursing mothers if a specific chemical or drugs can be passed on to infants through breastmilk. TOXNET’s Hazardous Substance Data Bank, another popular resource, provides information on more than 5,000 hazardous chemicals.
“Many people don’t realize that our resources are not just for professionals,” says Stephanie Publicker, a technical information specialist in the Office of Clinical Toxicology . “For instance, our LactMed database is a database of drugs and chemicals to which breast-feeding mothers might be exposed. The mothers themselves can directly access this data to find out if a certain prescription medicine or a chemical will be passed into breast milk and if it has a potential effect on infants.”
RiskWorld’s two-part series on these resources at the National Library of Medicine will focus on the most-used, the newest, and the most overlooked at what has become one of the world’s most popular online risk databases, with more than 10 million users last year. Watch for the first article to appear next week. ~ RiskWorld senior editor, Amy Charlene Reed (posted 8/12/2015)
Esri Map Provides Geographic Context for Flooding in Central U.S. Esri’s U.S. Flooding Information Map provides continuously updated information from the National Weather Service showing observed flooding locations and statistics, current and forecasted precipitation, and flood warning areas.
Stream gauges and weather watch layers allow users to identify features to get specific information such as flooding height, weather related issue, and severity. To embed or share this map, use the following code: <iframe width=”100%” height=”600px” src=”http://www.arcgis.com/apps/PublicInformation/index.html?appid=542e7fa7eadd49deb780648daf487e76” frameborder=”0″ scrolling=”no”></iframe>. ~ RiskWorld editorial staff(posted 5/26/2015)
Esri Maps Provide Geographic Context on Earthquakes Around the World. Esri publishes interactive maps about earthquakes and aftershocks around the world, such as the earthquake that struck Nepal earlier this year. The maps are available for readers to embed or share as part of ongoing coverage. The Earthquake Public Information Map shows continuously updated information about earthquake locations and intensities and can be embedded in web sites and blog postings with the following code: <iframe width=”100%” height=”640px” src=”http://www.arcgis.com/apps/PublicInformation/index.html?appid=de7c7b077c0144149fe5f9dd7857361d” frameborder=”0″ scrolling=”no”></iframe>
Esri also publishes story maps that explain the history of seismic activity in earthquake epicenters. In response to the earthquake this spring in Nepal, for example, Esri published the 2015 Nepal earthquake story map. You can embed this map with the following code:
<iframe width=”100%” height=”800px” src=”http://story.maps.arcgis.com/apps/MapSeries/?appid=34934c03445649cd9fcb422a2a7279c7” frameborder=”0″ scrolling=”no”></iframe>
~ RiskWorld editorial staff (posted 4/27/2015)
Tales from a Risk Blogger Who Tries to Avoid Fanning the Flames, January 26, 2015, by RiskWorld contributor Carolyn Evans. When RiskWorld went looking for risk blogs to feature, one of the first to be recommended was Michael Jayjock’s Human Health Risk Assessment to Chemicals, which one long-time reader called a “thoughtful” look at today’s risk assessment issues. RiskWorld contributor Carolyn Evans interviewed Dr. Jayjock and reports here on his experience as a blogger.
2015 ISA Process Control & Safety Symposium Features Three Acclaimed Keynote Speakers, Extensive Technical Program, Valuable Training Courses (8/25/15, International Society of Automation) The 2015 ISA Process Control & Safety Symposium will be held November 9–12 in Houston, Texas.
Melting Ice Sheets, Genomic Studies, and Deep-Space Observations Are Top Priorities for Next Decade of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research (8/11/15, National Academies) Read A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research (2015).
New Guidance Notes Released on Risk Based Inspection of Hull Structures (8/10/15, Lloyd’s Register Energy) A well-structured risk based inspection scheme will help operators reduce downtime and facilitate continuous operation by focusing inspection and resource on critical risk elements.
Bank of Tanzania and MetricStream Awarded “Best Governance, Risk, and Compliance Project in Africa” at the Asian Banker Middle East and Africa Technology Implementation Awards 2015 (8/6/15, MetricStream, Inc.) The two companies were recognized for building a robust and integrated program for governance, risk management, and regulatory compliance, supported by MetricStream GRC Apps.
Massive Dead Zone Announced, EPA Sidesteps Goal (8/4/15, Mississippi River Collaborative) See Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium press release “Summary.” [RiskWorld editor’s note: See also The Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone, by Monica Bruckner, Montana State University.]
Obama Administration Takes Historic Action on Climate Change—Clean Power Plan to Protect Public Health, Spur Clean Energy Investments and Strengthen U.S. Leadership (8/3/15, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Also see The Final Clean Power Plan: More Ambitious, More Achievable for States and Six Things Every American Should Know About the Clean Power Plan
Fact Sheet: President Obama to Announce Historic Carbon Pollution Standards for Power Plants (8/3/15, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) The Clean Power Plan is a landmark action to protect public health, reduce energy bills for households and businesses, create American jobs, and bring clean power to communities across the country.
Improving Accountability, Transparency and Professional Practice in Procurement – A Joint Statement from The Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply (CIPS) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (7/29/15, CIPS)
Yemen: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Condemns the Shooting at an Ambulance in Taiz (7/28/15, International Committee of the Red Cross) Also see Yemen: Intensified Ground Fighting Heightens Civilian Suffering (7/24/15)
New Report Presents Framework to Establish Standards for Psychosocial Interventions Used to Treat Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders (7/14/15, National Academies) Read Psychosocial Interventions for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Framework for Establishing Evidence-Based Standards (2015).
CDC versus Ebola: The Road to Zero (7/9/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) CDC responders describe the battle against Ebola in the multimedia report The Road to Zero: CDC’s Response to the West African Ebola Epidemic, 2014–2015.
“Safer” Replacements for Harmful Chemical in Plastics May Be as Risky to Human Health, Studies Suggest (7/8/15, New York University Langone Medical Center) NYU Langone Medical Center researchers call for stronger regulations and more testing.
Three Out of 4 American Adults Favor Making 21 the Minimum age of Sale for Tobacco Products (7/7/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Seven in 10 cigarette smokers favor raising the age of sale.
New Research Reveals the Trends and Risk Factors Behind America’s Growing Heroin Epidemic (7/7/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Heroin use is seen increasingly in most demographic groups.
Food Contact Materials: Updating the Science for Safety Assessments – Public Consultation (7/7/15, European Food Safety Authority) Also see Public Consultation on Draft Scientific Opinion on “Recent Developments in the Risk Assessment of Chemicals in Food and Their Potential Impact on the Safety Assessment of Substances Used in Food Contact Materials”
Translate Your World Launches Groundbreaking Software for Across-Language Conversation in 25 Languages (7/1/15, Translate Your World International) Language barriers are shattered by the first complete software for real-time conversation between people of different languages. Just go to a webpage and talk.
OCC Report Discusses Risks Facing National Banks and Federal Savings Associations (6/30/15, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, U.S. Department of the Treasury) Read OCC Semiannual Risk Perspective for Spring 2015 (PDF)
U.S. Cardiac Arrest Survival Rates Around 6 Percent for Those Occurring Outside of a Hospital; New IOM Report Recommends Strategies to Improve Survival Rates (6/30/15, National Academies) Read Strategies to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival:
A Time to Act.
Study Shows Increase in Problem Drinking (6/29/15, National Institutes of Health) A nationwide survey revealed that alcohol use disorder is becoming more common, but few people seek treatment. The study highlights the need for renewed efforts to educate the public about problem drinking and its treatment.
PM’s Remarks After Laying the Foundation Stone of Indian Agricultural Research Institute in Jharkhand (6/28/15, Web Site of Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi) Also see PM Calls for Second Green Revolution (6/29/15, The Times of India)
New Online Captive Insurance Courses Offer CE and CPE Credit (6/22/15, International Risk Management Institute, Inc.) Courses include Captives as Risk Retention Mechanisms, Property and Casualty Reinsurance Fundamentals (available in July), and Captives as Risk Transfer Mechanisms (added in August).
White House Summit Underscores Health Impacts of Climate Change (6/23/15, American Lung Association) Read A Declaration on Climate Change and Health by a coalition of public health, disease advocacy, and medical organizations.
Submit an Abstract for the WEAI Conference (due July 8) (6/23/15, Society for Benefit-Cost Analysis) Western Economic Association International’s 12th International Conference will be held January 7–10, 2016, in Singapore.
New Report Examines Options for Tying Insurance Rates to Flood Risk for Low-lying Structures (6/19/15, National Academies) Read Tying Flood Insurance to Flood Risk for Low-Lying Structures in the Floodplains (2015)
Prevention and Early Treatment of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Arizona May Save Millions by Preventing Premature Death and Disability – Several Arizona American Indian Communities Are Severely Impacted by Outbreak, CDC/IHS Study Finds (6/18/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Analysis Used by Federal Agencies to Set Fuel Economy and Greenhouse Gas Standards for U.S. Cars Was Generally of High Quality; Some Technologies and Issues Should Be Re-examined (6/18/15, National Academies) Read Cost, Effectiveness and Deployment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles (2015).
2015 ISA Water/Wastewater Symposium Offers Attendees 2.0 CEUs for Attending (ISA, FSAWWA and FDEP-approved) (6/9/15, International Society of Automation) Also see Training Courses at WWAC2015 Now Offer DEP-approved CEUs for State-licensed Water & Wastewater Operators
EPA Releases Draft Assessment on the Potential Impacts to Drinking Water Resources from Hydraulic Fracturing Activities (6/4/15, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) Assessment shows hydraulic fracturing activities have not led to widespread, systemic impacts to drinking water resources and identifies important vulnerabilities to drinking water resources
South Sudan: Preventing Hunger and Reducing Malnutrition (6/4/15, International Committee of the Red Cross) See a video and an article titled ICRC Calls for Urgent Action to Avert Disaster (6/8/15).
NOAA: Below-Normal Atlantic Hurricane Season Is Likely This Year (5/27/15, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Hurricane forecasting is evolving with new storm surge products and upgraded modeling.
Hurricane Season Begins June 1—Are You Ready? (5/22/15, Federal Emergency Management Agency) Visit FEMA’s www.ready.gov/hurricanes for step-by-step information and resources for what to do before, during, and after a hurricane.
Mass Murder, Mental Illness, and Men (5/11/15, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers) The mental health problems most common in mass murderers and why men at risk are so difficult to identify before they can carry out mass killings are discussed in the compelling article “Mass Murder, Mental Illness, and Men” in the peer-reviewed journal Violence and Gender, from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Violence and Gender website until June 11, 2015.
Preliminary Economic Impact of Nepal Earthquake May Reach $5 Billion (5/7/15, Aon plc) Losses from the disaster could equal as much as 25% of Nepal’s GDP.
The Interplay Between Risk Management and Social Responsibility for Oil and Gas Pipelines in the Middle East (5/7/15, PRWeb) International Research Networks (IRN) interviewed three experts in the industry—the Business Development Director of LPD Risk Management, the Cyber-Security Expert of ILF Consulting Engineers, and the Chief Executive Officer of Send Word Now—to take some insights on the physical security challenges security managers currently face in the region.
NOAA Announces New Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Searchable Database Web Tool (5/4/15, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Called DIVER for “Data Integration, Visualization, Exploration, and Reporting,” the new online tool brings together multiple scientific data and analysis sets for the public and researchers in one location.
FAA Should “Reset Expectations” for Next Generation Air Transportation System (5/1/15, National Academies) Read A Review of the Next Generation Air Transportation System:
Implications and Importance of System Architecture (2015).
Aquifer Storage and Recovery Not Ready for Large-Scale Implementation in Everglades, but Could Be Phased In to Help Resolve Uncertainties, Offer Some Benefits (4/29/15, National Academies) Read Review of the Everglades Aquifer Storage and Recovery Regional Study (2015), and register to attend a free webinar about the report on Wednesday, May 13, at 11 a.m. EDT, featuring a presentation and Q&A session with committee chair James Saiers of Yale University and committee members William Hopkins of Virginia Tech, R. David G. Pyne of ASR Systems, and Elizabeth Screaton of the University of Florida.
Laundry Packets Voluntary Standard Moves to Next Stage (4/27/15, Consumer Federation of America) Consumer groups urge additional provisions to protect consumers.
Nearly One Million Children Require Urgent Humanitarian Assistance After Nepal Earthquake (4/26/15, UNICEF) Also read UNICEF Mobilized to Assist Children in Nepal Affected by Powerful Earthquake (4/25/15).
NLM Launches Two New Traveling Exhibitions: “Pick Your Poison: Intoxicating Pleasures & Medical Prescriptions” and “Pictures of Nursing: The Zwerdling Collection” (4/23/15, National Library of Medicine)
Reducing Costs, Improving Batteries, and Enhancing Consumer Information Will Improve Consumer Adoption of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (4/22/15, National Academies) Read Overcoming Barriers to Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (2015).
Electronic Cigarettes Are Not a “Safe Alternative” for Young People (4/21/15, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. publishers) The article “Electronic Cigarettes: Vulnerability of Youth,” published in Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, is available free on the journal’s website until May 21, 2015.
Age-Related Changes in the Brain Can Have Significant Impact on Individuals, Society; Report Identifies Three Top Actions to Help Promote Cognitive Health (4/14/15, National Academies) Read Cognitive Aging: Progress in Understanding and Opportunities for Action (2015).
Landmines: A Legacy of War (4/2/15, International Committee of the Red Cross) The International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action is observed throughout the world on April 4 every year.
BPA Exposure During Pregnancy Linked to Mothers’ Future Diabetes Risk (4/1/15, Endocrine Society) A new animal study published in the Endocrine Society’s journal Endocrinology finds bisphenol A (BPA) associated with reduced glucose tolerance and beta cell dysfunction.
Night Owls Face Greater Risk of Developing Diabetes than Early Risers (4/1/15, Endocrine Society) Natural sleep preferences are also linked to fat mass and muscle mass, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Report Offers Blueprint to Improve Professional Care and Education of Children from Birth to Age 8 (4/1/15, National Academies) Read Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation (2015).
War Pushing Water Shortages to Breaking Point in the Middle East, Says ICRC Report (3/25/15, International Committee of the Red Cross) With heavy fighting continuing to tear apart Syria and Iraq, and many communities still recovering from conflicts in Lebanon, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory, the region’s water resources and aging delivery systems are reaching their breaking point, according to a new report by the International Committee of the Red Cross.
Raising Minimum Age to Buy Cigarettes to at Least 21 Will Reduce Smoking Prevalence and Save Lives, Says IOM (3/12/15, National Academies) Read Public Health Implications of Raising the Minimum Age of Legal Access to Tobacco Products (2015) and the report brief.
PEI Publishes Recommended Practices for CNG Vehicle Fueling Facilities (3/4/2015, Petroleum Equipment Institute) Preview Recommended Practices for the Design, Installation, Operation and Maintenance of Compressed Natural Gas Vehicle Fueling Facilities, or purchase the report
Spring Has Sprung! Get Ready for Some of America’s Wildest Weather (3/1/2015, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Weather-Ready Nation) “Don’t let this dangerous season catch you unaware. Get ready for spring with just a few simple steps: Know Your Risk, Take Action, and Be a Force of Nature.”
More Than 2 Hours of TV a Day Increases High Blood Pressure Risk in Children by 30 Percent (2/25/2015, EurekAlert!) This new research was led by the Universities of Zaragoza (Unizar) and São Paulo (Brazil).
CDC, Federal Partners Develop Improved Method for Attributing Foodborne Illness (2/24/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Read the report (PDF) by the Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration (IFSAC) Project.
Study Finds Peanut Consumption in Infancy Prevents Peanut Allergy (2/23/2015, National Institutes of Health) The NIH-funded trial compares the consumption and the avoidance of peanuts.
Available Evidence Suggests That Possible Regulation of Cigarettes Not Likely to Significantly Change U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market (2/19/15, National Academies) Read Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market: Characteristics, Policy Context, and Lessons from International Experiences (2015).
Deadline Extended for Lithium Battery Ground Shippers (2/17/15, Lion Technology Inc.) Also read Countdown to New, Tougher Lithium Battery Shipping Rules (12/19/14).
Exposure to Mercury, Seafood Associated with Risk Factor for Autoimmune Disease (2/10/15, University of Michigan Health System) Among women of reproductive age, exposure to mercury at levels generally considered safe may be associated with markers of immune system disorders.
A Business-as-Unusual Outlook for Oil in the Medium Term (2/10/15, International Energy Agency) IEA report sees a transformed market, with supply more responsive to prices than in the past – and demand less so.
Climate Intervention Is Not a Replacement for Reducing Carbon Emissions; Proposed Intervention Techniques Not Ready for Wide-Scale Deployment (2/10/15, National Academies) Read Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration (2015) and Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth (2015).
Immune Biomarkers Help Predict Early Death, Complications in HIV Patients with TB, Penn Study Finds (2/9/15, Penn Medicine) Measuring biomarkers with currently available blood test may help better stratify patients, guide future research and treatments before HIV treatment begins.
New Guidance Notes for Calculating Explosion Loads (2/9/15, Lloyd’s Register Energy) Guidance Notes for the Calculation of Probabilistic Explosion Loads provides recommended practices to help engineers, operators and designers to define blast and explosion loads to control and mitigate risk measures in offshore operations.
58 Million Nonsmokers in U.S. Are Still Exposed to Secondhand Smoke (2/3/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Two of every five children—including seven in 10 black children—are exposed to secondhand smoke.
Sugar Key to Lowering Osteoarthritis Risk (1/28/15, The University of Edinburgh) People at risk of osteoarthritis following orthopaedic surgery could be helped by a new way to protect cartilage from damage.
Farmers in Malawi Need Urgent Help After Heavy Flooding (1/28/15, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) Prompt access to seeds and livestock will help reboot local food production.
Better, Smarter, Healthier: In Historic Announcement, HHS Sets Clear Goals and Timeline for Shifting Medicare Reimbursements from Volume to Value (1/26/15, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)
Study of Former NFL Players Reveals Specifics of Concussive Brain Damage (1/26/15, Johns Hopkins Medicine) Research results support calls for better player protections.
Sea-Level Rise, Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems, and Geohazards Are Among Priorities for Ocean Science Over Next Decade (1/23/15, National Academies) Read Sea Change: 2015-2025 Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences (2015).
Opioid Painkillers Widely Prescribed Among Reproductive Age Women (1/22/15, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Opioid exposure during pregnancy increases risk of some birth defects.
Academy Honors Four for Major Contributions in Neuroscience, Psychological and Cognitive Sciences (1/22/15, National Academies) Note: The recipients include Scott D. Sagan, Caroline S. G. Munro Professor of Political Science at Stanford University, who has received the 2015 William and Katherine Estes Award, which recognizes basic research in any field of cognitive or behavioral science that uses rigorous formal and empirical methods to advance our understanding of issues relating to the risk of nuclear war.
NIH Researchers Tackle Thorny Side of Gene Therapy (1/20/2015, National Institutes of Health) Pre-clinical studies in mice reveal ways to reduce cancer risk with modified treatment.
IOM Report Proposes Professional Standards for Responsible Sharing of Clinical Trial Data; Recommends Data That Support Results Should Be Shared No Later Than Six Months After Publication (1/14/15, National Academies) Read Sharing Clinical Trial Data: Maximizing Benefits, Minimizing Risk (2015).
Report Offers a Framework to Help Policymakers, Researchers, and Other Stakeholders Analyze the Effects of Potential Changes to the U.S. Food System (1/13/15, National Academies) Read A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System.