Abstract of Meeting Paper

Society for Risk Analysis - Europe 1998 Annual Meeting

Environmental Risk Management Issues in Eastern Europe - Economic Information Policy in a Transition Period. Dr. Ioana Andreas, 4, Rue Nanu Muscel, Romania, Manager of 76214 Bucharest, CHIMINFORM DATA and professor to Polytehnic (telephone 401 637 22 01), University of Bucharest, fax 401222 91 65, Romanian Academy the Research Programme Risk, e-mail ioana@cdn-gw.pub.ro

After 1989 Central Europe has been confronted with a special situation euphemistically called "period of transition". We could say that there are few regions in the world that have undergone such profound and numerous changes in such a short period of time. Developing national environmental policies in countries with economy projects to be founded.

These decisions are eventually associated with the allocation of scarce sources and raise questions about the fairness of distribution.

The insufficient risk perception of decision and lack of responses at the policy implementation, while oriented primarily on the short-term economic information. The "forgetfulness" the sustainability-principle in the information policy needs to identify some potential risks.

There is, however, no single morally correct way for allocation scarce resources among regions, communities, projects, etc. In most cases, multiple principles and criteria of fairness underlying the selection of goals and interventions in Romania's long-term Environmental Plan.

In 1996 a project aimed at developing a long-term Environmental Management Plan for Romania was initiated and sponsored by the Romanian Academy of Sciences and the National Commission of the Economic Restructuration and the development of the Plan included:

  1. defining the most important target variables, assessing their current values, and proposing desirable values  (goals) for the year 2000 and 2010;
  2. defining the most significant factors influencing goals;
  3. generating possible environmental policy interventions, analyzing the impacts of the most cost-effective set of interventions, analyzing them in terms of potential impacts, costs, and feasibility;
  4. analyzing the impacts of the most cost-effective set of interventions contingent upon various socio-economic scenarios;
  5. developing recommendations for national environmental policy.

The environmental plan included the project " Risk Assessment of Complex Technological Systems, Development of Strategies and Policies in Environmental Management ".

The goals identified by the plan related to air and water quality, state of soil and biota, waste management and sewage treatment.

In bridging the gap between Western and Eastern countries in the approach of risk assessment and environmental impact analysis we notice also the lack of comparing the environmental and economic impact of different macro- and microeconomic policies in such area as trade, investment and the use of economic instruments.

The autor proposes a very general model of environmental risk management and on the basis of this framework show that for the problem of transboundary risk management a mutually acceptable cooperative solution can be found. The solution of this kind may serve a foundation for environmental parity concept.

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