RiskWorld
Contributed Abstracts



The abstracts included below have been submitted to RiskWorld by the individual author(s). RiskWorld requires that all such submissions be accompanied by a statement that RiskWorld has permission to reprint any abstract that has been previously published or has been presented at a meeting. Information on the previous publication or presentation must be included. RiskWorld reserves the right to refuse to accept a submitted abstract.

To submit abstracts, contact Mary Bryant, bryant@tec-com.com.


Table of Contents

2004

Individual and Subpopulation Variations in Response to Toxic Chemicals: Factors of Susceptibility
Timothy T. Iyaniwura, Ph.D.; Senior Research Fellow, 1998-2002; Biomedical Research Centre, Ninewells Hospital; Dundee, Scotland, UK. This paper reviews factors that should receive attention in defining the toxicity of chemicals within a population setting, with emphasis on those factors that may confer the greatest susceptibility to toxic effects. The full text of the paper is also published in RiskWorld.
(Posted July 2004.)

2003

Cultural Property Risk Analysis Model: Development and Application to Preventive Conservation at the Canadian Museum of Nature
R. Robert Waller, Dissertation for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree, Institute of Conservation, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden; Printed in December 2003, ISBN 9173464759, ISSN 02846578. Preventive conservation seeks to minimize needless deterioration, damage, and loss to cultural property. This requires a comprehensive understanding of all hazards that might affect property and all values needing protection from those hazards. The past effects of hazards must be apprehended, the efficacy of current conservation practices must be calculated, and the predictability of future changes must be judged. Risks may manifest gradually or sporadically. In either case, the time scale over which risks to cultural properties must be considered is measured in centuries. Feedback on the consequences of preventive conservation decisions taken is too slow and too confounded to support meaningful experience-based learning. A risk-based approach to decision-making is necessary.

A Cultural Property Risk Analysis Model was developed to guide priorities for resource allocation to preventive conservation under conditions of uncertainty. This model recognizes the preservation system as a subsystem within a collection management system, which, in turn, nests within progressively broader systems. Within this set of systems and subsystems, the contribution of preventive conservation to the continuance and betterment of humanity is recognised. Carefully defining the scope of the preservation system ensures clear understanding of interactions with surrounding systems.

The risk analysis model then disaggregates risk through hierarchies both of sources of risk and of divisions of collections. The level of technical risk analysis varies throughout these hierarchies depending on the potential significance of the disaggregate portion considered. This approach makes the entire modeling process as efficient as possible and is applicable to all forms of cultural property. Its broader adoption will benefit the fields of preventive conservation, conservation research, and cultural heritage management.

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(Posted September 2004.)

2001

Damage Assessment Using High Resolution Satellite Imagery: Application to 2001 Bhuj, India, Earthquake
Lucian Chiroiu and Gilles P. André, PhD Candidates, Université Paris, and Géosciences Consultants, Bagneux, France. The authors were able to quickly estimate the physical damage and human casualties after the Bhuj, India, earthquake of January 26, 2001, by applying a multidisciplinary approach based on high resolution satellite data and earthquake engineering and propose this approach as a useful tool for rescue teams deployed immediately after a catastrophe. The full text of the paper (PDF, 1370 KB) is also published in RiskWorld.
(Posted November 2001.)

2000

Middleware for Risk Management: Eliminating the Spaghetti Network
Meridien Research, Newton, Massachusetts. This paper looks at the variety of Enterprise Application Integration solutions in the marketplace for the capital markets and risk management departments at financial institutions and includes case studies from Robertson Stephens, Bank of Montreal, and HypoVereinsbank. Registration is not required to view a listing of the company's risk management research titles and abstracts. (Guest users may register to receive 60 days of limited access to additional Meridien Research web resources.)
(Posted June 2000.)

1996

Evolution of Science-based Uncertainty Factors in Noncancer Risk Assessment
Michael L. Dourson and Susan F. Velazquez, Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment, and Denise Robinson, International Life Sciences Institute.
(Posted in 1996; updated June 2000.)

Health Risks and Particle Monitoring: New Technologies to Meet Emerging Needs
Robert A. Michaels, RAM TRAC Corporation.
(Posted in 1996; updated June 2000.)

Site Restoration: Estimation of Attributable Costs From Plutonium-Dispersal Accidents
David I. Chanin and Walter B. Murfin, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Link to abstract; link to Sandia National Laboratories Technical Library's bibliographic listing, which includes the URL for the report's PDF file.
(Posted in 1996; updated June 2000.)


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