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Books on Environmental & Ecological Risks
A Declaration of Energy Independence: How Freedom from Foreign Oil Can Improve National Security, Our Economy, and the Environment
by Jay Hakes; July 2008; ISBN-13: 978-0-470-26763-9; ISBN-10: 0470267631
In response to the oil crises of the 1970s, America developed a bipartisan energy policy that made us safer, greener, and far less dependent on foreign oil. It was so successful that American oil imports fell by 50 percent and greenhouse gas emissions dropped nine percent in just five years. How was this possible, and how can we do it again?

A Declaration of Energy Independence, written by one of the country's top energy experts, outlines seven economically and politically viable paths to energy independence. It also answers the questions many Americans have been asking:

• How can we break the links between oil consumption, terrorism, and the war in Iraq?
• Will it wreck our economy if we deal with the tough issues of energy?
• Which new technologies can help get us out of our current energy predicaments?
• What kind of a president do we need to lead us to a better energy future?
• Should we be pessimistic or optimistic about our energy prospects?

Between rising oil prices, global instability, and environmental degradation, most Americans acknowledge the need for energy independence. Yet our political dialogue tends to focus more on rhetoric than substance, leaving citizens scratching their heads about what they and the country can do to break free from energy dependence.

A Declaration of Energy Independence takes a nonpartisan, honest approach to energy issues and answers fundamental questions like whether the price of oil will ever go down; whether global warming is a real threat; and whether ethanol and other biofuels make sense in the long run.

As the head of the Energy Information Administration at the U.S. Department of Energy from 1993 to 2000, where he oversaw the collection and dissemination of America's official energy data and analysis, author Jay Hakes had an exclusive, inside look at America's energy problems. Now, combining undisputed facts and solid science with historical and political context, Hakes offers his expert insight on the situation and presents viable solutions for a more stable political, economic, and military future for America.

America's addiction to oil isn't just a pocketbook problem; in fact, it represents a grave security threat with even greater long-term consequences than the Iraq War. Far beyond the rising price of gas, our oil addiction puts dollars in the hands of foreign despots and funds international terrorism. In addition, any severe disruption in the flow of oil can leave our military virtually crippled and unable to respond to crises around the world.

America can break out of the energy trap if we approach the issue honestly, intelligently, and with the political will to create a better future. A Declaration of Energy Independence offers a real-world look -- without the ideological blinders of the right and the left -- at how we got into this mess and, more importantly, provides effective solutions to get us out of it.

Additional information:

Jay Hakes has given testimony before congressional committees on more than twenty-five occasions and is currently head of the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum in Atlanta.

View televised interview of author with CBS affiliate in New Orleans.

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Beyond Limits? : Dealing with Chemical Risks at Work in Europe
by David Walters and Karola Grodzki; March 2006; ISBN 0080448585
Nearly one third of all occupational diseases recognised annually in the EU are related to exposure to chemical substances and it is widely accepted that this represents only a small fraction of the full extent of harm caused by occupational exposure to hazardous substances. The European chemical industry is the largest in the world but it is by no means the only source of occupational exposure to chemical hazards, because chemical products are both used and are bi-products in many diverse forms of work.

This book is a study of strategic approaches to managing the risks of working with hazardous substances in Europe. Its central theme concerns the widening gap between debates and developments at national and international levels concerning safety in the use of chemical substances at work in the European Union and practices within workplaces especially within the small and medium-sized workplaces that constitute the vast majority of establishments in which people work in Europe. It sets out to discover what drives informed and competent risk management in chemical health and safety and what role occupational exposure limits play in this process.

The subject is particularly topical in the light of emerging strategies on chemical risks at EU level, the future impact of REACH and the significant changes that are occurring in legislative approaches to setting and using exposure limits at national levels in most EU countries. The continuing expansion of the Community to include a range of new member states, with chemical health and safety systems that are considerably less sophisticated than those presently found in northern European member states, makes the book especially timely. It deals with a subject that is a core concern of national and EU level policy makers, regulators, OHS practitioners, employers and trade unions alike.
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Chemicals in the Environment: Assessing and Managing Risk (Issues in Environmental Science and Technology)
by R. M. Harrison and R. E. Hester, Editors; June 2006; ISBN 0854042067
Rising concern in recent years over the possible adverse environmental consequences of the use of chemicals has led to a steady increase in national activity towards greater regulation, in addition to voluntary agreements with manufacturers for risk management of certain products. This book begins by reviewing the current framework of legislation for the regulation of chemicals in the UK and then reports expert views on both the current situation and possible future developments. Subsequent chapters consider some of the scientific and technical issues, including the evaluation of the risks which chemicals can pose to human life and the environment, and the problems relating to evaluating the risks associated with metals in the environment. Finally, the predictive methods used to model the behaviour of organic chemicals within the environment are described. Highly topical, and with authoritative contributions from international experts, this book covers both the scientific underpinning and the legislative and practical issues of this emotive subject. The detailed coverage of a topic that affects many sectors of industry and society will make it popular with a wide audience of individuals from government organisations, industry or academic research - particularly those in environmental chemistry sectors.
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New Developments in Environmental Research
by Emma B. Davis, Editor; June 2006; ISBN 1594546290
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Pesticide Selectivity, Health and the Environment
by Bill Carlile; August 2006; ISBN 0521010810
The re-evaluation of many compounds for their long-term toxicity to humans and the environment has resulted in extensive reforms of the pesticide industry. This book explores the actions of pesticides and their effects on non-target organisms, the environment and human health. In addition to the chemical and biological actions of pesticides, the volume covers the regulatory framework within which manufacturers of compounds function, and the influence that pressure groups and the media have on the industry.
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology / Volume 188 (Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology)
by George Ware, Editor; August 2006; ISBN 0387319115
This volume attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.
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Endocrine Disrupters: Biological Basis for Health Effects in Wildlife and Humans
by David O. Norris and James Carr; June 2005; ISBN 0195137493
This book addresses the biological effects of the reasonably large number of classes of compounds that have been recognized as endocrine disrupters. These compounds have been found to persist as pollutants in the environment, and have been blamed for causing developmental disorders and/or fertility problems in fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and possibly humans. This book presents the relevant fundamentals of the endocrine systems of animals and humans, the toxicology, developmental toxicology, ecology, and risk assessment methods, and lays out the current state of understanding for the whole field, organized by the classes of compounds that have been identified as endocrine disrupters.
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Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms: A Case Study of Bt Maize in Kenya
by A. Hilbeck, D. A. Andow, A. R. Kapuscinski, and P. J. Schei, Editors; January 2005; ISBN 0851998615
Many international forus have identified the need for comprehensive, transparent, scientific methods for the pre-release testing and post-release monitoring of transgenic plants to ensure their environmental safety and sustainable use. There is also wide recognition that the regulatory and scientific capacity for conducting assessments needs to be strengthened worldwide. In response to these requirements, a GMO Guidelines Project was established under the aegis of the International Organization for Biological Control, to develop biosafety testing guidelines for transgenic plants. This book is one output of this project, and focuses on transgenic maize in Kenya. Such maize includes genes transferred from the bacterium bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which code for proteins which are toxic to some insects. The book addresses both environmental and agricultural impacts, but does not evaluate human health impacts or ethical implications. It draws out some general risk assessment guidelines, but demonstrates the need for case-by-case analysis.
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Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides (Wiley Series in Agrochemicals & Plant Protection)
by Claire Franklin and John Worgan, Editors; March 2005; ISBN 0471489891
This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation.
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Risks and Decisions for Conservation and Environmental Management (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation)
by Mark Burgman, et al., April 2005; ISBN 0521543010
Emphasizing the philosophy of uncertainty and the frailties of human psychology when people are confronted with risky situations, this book describes how to conduct a thorough environmental risk assessment. Technical methods are provided to help make assessments more objective and less prone to the biases of those involved in the assessment. Consideration is given to the way in which both subjective beliefs and technical analysis may be used to make better informed decisions.
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Sustainable Energy Consumption and Society: Personal, Technological, or Social Change? (Alliance for Global Sustainability Bookseries, Volume 7)
by David L. Goldblatt, April 2005; ISBN 140203086X
Combining social science, energy analysis, and risk communication, this book uses theories, research, and computer-aided interviews to illustrate the range and relative effectiveness of interventions that support sustainable energy consumption. The author was an American Association for the Advancement of Science Risk Policy Fellow in 2003-04.
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Adaptations and Responses of Woody Plants to Environmental Stresses
by Rajeev Arora; September 2004; ISBN 1560221119
This book covers the latest and most significant advances in woody plant stress research. Few books focus on the low-temperature stress biology of woody plants that are of horticultural importance. This book will appeal to graduate students, instructors, and researchers who specialize in plant stress physiology in botany, agriculture, horticulture, landscape design, or forestry. It will keep you up-to-date on current findings in the fundamental understanding of the various aspects of woody plants’ responses to environmental stresses. With figures, tables, graphs, illustrations, and black-and-white and color photos documenting the studies of these researchers and scientists, this book offers a new awareness of the physiology and molecular biology of cold acclimation in woody plants. It provides groundbreaking analysis and scientific research to facilitate future efforts in increasing tolerance and protection from various biotic and abiotic stresses, especially freeze injuries. This book paves the way for researchers and scientists to develop tougher plants with improved resistance to environmental stress and better strategies to protect plants from stressful conditions.
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Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology
by Ring T. Carde and Jocelyn Millar (Editors); April 2004; ISBN 0521792754
Eight chapters consider the latest research and thought in the study of how insects use chemical signals to communicate with each other or to interact with other species. The book focuses on topics such as plant defenses against insects, floral odors that attract pollinators, host finding by parasitic insects, and pheromone-mediated interactions in cockroaches, moths, spiders, and mites.
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Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations
by Gennady I. Belchansky; March 2004; ISBN 0415269652
Active (imaging radar) and passive (radiometer) microwave satellite systems are widely used in Arctic ecological research. The book provides a summary of microwave satellite missions and applications. It first presents an introduction to arctic ecological problems, the role of satellite remote sensing, and some elements of remote sensing and data processing. Subsequent chapters report on applications, including variability and habitat studies of sea-ice, boreal forests, regions, and arctic marine mammal ecology studies. Each section covers image classification methods, algorithms, databases, and the results of data processing.
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Balancing Water for Humans and Nature: The New Approach in Ecohydrology
by Mostafa Tolba, Malin Falkenmark, Johan Rockstrom; May 2004; ISBN 1853839272
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Bioassessment of Freshwater Ecosystems: Using the Reference Condition Approach
by Robert Bailey, Richard H. Norris, and Trefor B. Reynoldson; February 2004; ISBN 1402076703
Aquatic ecosystem assessment is a rapidly developing field, and one of the newer approaches to assessing the condition of rivers and lakes is the Reference Condition Approach. This is a significant advancement in biomonitoring because it solves the problem of trying to locate nearby control or reference sites when studying an ecosystem that may be degraded, a problem that bedevils traditional approaches. Rather than using upstream reference sites in a river system or next-bay-over reference sites in a lake, an array of ecologically similar, least-exposed to stress sites scattered throughout a catchment or region is used. Once the reference condition has been established, any site suspected of being impacted can be assessed by comparison to the reference sites, and its status determined. The Reference Condition database, once formed, can be used repeatedly.

The Reference Condition is established by standardized sampling of both the biota and its environment at a number of reference sites. A variety of environmental variables is measured in conjunction with sampling the biota (usually benthic invertebrates). In this book, the authors describe the basic methods involved in selecting and sampling appropriate reference sites, comparing test sites to appropriate reference sites using predictive modeling, and determining whether or not test sites are in the reference condition. This provides a rapid assessment method that can deal with everything from large-scale, national issues to local-scale problems with the same approach, and often parts of the same database.

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The Bioengineered Forest: Challenges for Science and Society
by Steven H. Strauss and H. D. Bradshaw (Editors); February 2004; ISBN 1891853716
Bioengineering offers many opportunities for forestry. Bioengineered trees can produce more valuable wood, help reclaim contaminated land, improve the health of urban trees, and facilitate pest management. But the ecological risks are complex, and public views about the ethical acceptability of genetic engineering vary widely.

Unprecedented in its breath and diversity, the book begins with a survey of the range of forestry practices for which the use of biotechnologies might be appropriate. Scholars representing diverse academic perspectives and viewpoints examine in depth the economic and environmental rationale for forest biotechnologies, and the current state of technology with respect to gene performance and safety. They consider the contemporary political and economic environment in which bioengineering is being introduced, and where the "genomic revolution" might take forestry and genetic engineering in the future.

The book presents compelling arguments in favor of genetic engineering. Just as powerfully, it examines the significant technical and legal hurdles involved in genetic engineering, undesirable environmental and social consequences that might result from its misapplication, and the risks for businesses that are looking for near-term benefits.

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Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques
by William J. Sutherland, Ian Newton, and Rhys Green; August 2004; ISBN 0198520867
In this intensely practical handbook, a team of leading ornithologists describe a wide range of standard methods that can be applied to the study of avian ecology and conservation. Topics covered range from surveys and tracking and handling to breeding biology, foraging behavior, and migration. Chapters on conservation techniques describe how to assess species over-exploitation, the methods available for the intensive conservation of endangered species, and the principles involved in the maintenance and restoration of habitats. This comprehensive synthesis will be essential reading for graduate students and researchers as well as a valuable resource for environmental consultants and professional conservationists worldwide. 
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Chemical Concepts in Pollutant Behavior, 2nd Edition
by Ian J. Tinsley; May 2004; ISBN 0471095257
The relatively new field of environmental chemistry seeks to understand and predict the distribution of chemicals introduced into the environment. The book provides a detailed resource for understanding the current state of the field for intermediate students of chemistry. While tackling traditional problems of interactions between water, soil, and air, the text also explores the uptake of plants from soil and absorption by foliage from the air. Although the text focuses on compound behavior, the author's holistic approach emphasizes the subject's interdisciplinary nature. It is an excellent resource for students and professionals working in environmental science, toxicology, chemistry, and engineering, as well as ecology, public health, agriculture, and forestry.
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Climactic Data Analysis: A Practical Guide for Natural Resources Studies
by R. D. Stern, J. Knock, and I. C. Dale; March 2004; ISBN 0851996167
The analysis of climatic data is relevant to a number of disciplines in natural resource management, including crop and soil science, forestry and ecology. This book provides a practical, computer-based guide to such data analysis, with examples using the software Instat+. The readership includes advanced students and researchers, some basic knowledge of statistics and computing being assumed. This book also includes a CD-ROM with additional practical exercises and examples. Contents include: The presentation of climatic data; analysis of temperature data; modelling rainfall data; using Instat+; and a crop performance index.
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Climate Change: A Natural Hazard
by William Kininmonth; May 2004; ISBN 0906522269
This text argues that climate change is a natural phenomenon and that the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has overlooked this straightforward cause for global warming because the climate models the IPCC has created are oversimplified. The models' faults are vigorously examined, including what has been left out and what has not been accorded proper weight. The book outlines the continuing need to better understand and predict natural climate variations to underpin better planning, including sound infrastructure development and mitigation strategies, so that the huge annual human and property losses worldwide from climate extremes can be avoided.
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Climate Change in Contrasting River Basins: Adaptation Strategies for Water, Food, and Environment
by J. Aerts and P. Droogers; October 2004; ISBN 0851998356
Dealing with climate change is generally considered to be one of the greatest challenges for the coming decades. Changes in precipitation are likely to have a major impact on the hydrological cycle and subsequently on the environment and food production. However, until now, clear guidance on how to respond to this challenge, particularly at the river basin level, has been lacking. This book has been developed from the ADAPT project, focusing on the development of regional adaptation strategies for water, food, and the environment in river basins across the world. A generic methodology is presented and applied to seven case studies in contrasting geographical areas of the world: Mekong (SE Asia), Rhine (Western Europe), Sacramento (USA), Syr Darya (Central Asia), Volta (Ghana), Walawe (Sri Lanka) and Zayandeh (Iran). The book provides a unique contribution and will interest researchers in climatology, geography, ecology, crop and soil science, environmental studies, and related disciplines.
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Coastal Dunes: Ecology and Conservation (Ecological Studies)
by M. L. Martinez, N. P. Psuty, Norbert P. Psuty; April 2004; ISBN 3540408290
Coastal dunes occur in almost every latitude - from tropical to polar - and have been substantially altered by human activities. Many are already severely and irreversibly degraded. Although these ecosystems have been studied for a long time (as early as 1835), there has been a strong emphasis on the mid-latitude dune systems and the lack of attention given to the tropics where, unfortunately, much of the modern exploitation and coastal development for tourism is occurring. This book brings together coastal dune specialists from tropical and temperate latitudes, which together cover a wide set of topics, including: geomorphology, community dynamics, ecophysiology, biotic interactions and environmental problems and conservation. A major product of this book is a set of recommendations for future research, identifying relevant topics of which detailed knowledge is still lacking. It also identifies management tools that will promote and maintain the rich diversity of the dune environments, in the context of continuing coastal development.
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Collaborative Environmental Management: What Roles for Government?
by Tomas M. Koontz, Joann Carmin, Toddi A. Steelman, and Craig W. Thomas; May 2004; ISBN 1891853821
The goal of this book is to analyze data from a variety of cases to explain how the different roles government plays in collaborative environmental management lead to different processes and outcomes. Looking at examples where government has acted to lead, encourage, or follow in the process of collaboration, they apply their new theoretical framework to cases involving the management of watersheds, rivers, and estuaries to farmland, animal habitats, and forests. Finding that there is no "best" role for government; the authors are nonetheless able make important observations about when and where collaborative environmental management is likely to be effective.
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Comparative Risk Assessment and Environmental Decision Making
by Igor Linkov and Abou Bakr Ramadan; June 2004; ISBN 1402018967
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Confronting Environments: Local Understanding in a Globalizing World (Globalization and the Environment)
by James G. Carrier; October 2004; ISBN 0759105634
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Conservation : Linking Ecology, Economics, and Culture
by Monique Borgerhoff Mulder and Peter Coppolillo; November 2004; ISBN 0691049807
This book offers an astonishingly diverse, unprecedented compilation of information on efforts to balance biodiversity conservation with local development. Bridging a range of disciplines, the authors move fluidly from the history of U.S. environmentalism to contemporary efforts across the globe, from international treaties on climate change to case studies of indigenous management.
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The Continue Project: Global Climate Policy and Implications for the Energy Sector in a Small Open Economy: The Case of Sweden
by Lars Bergman and Marian Radetzki; April 2004; ISBN 090652220X
This volume describes the evolution of international climate policy since the Kyoto Protocol in 1992 and analyzes the consequences of implementing these energy policies. Politicians, business leaders, and civil servants are encouraged to employ sound scientific data to support environmental policy and minimize the risk of unintended consequences. Case studies including an analysis of Sweden's electricity market detail the impact of environmental policy.
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Controversies in Environmental Sociology
by Robert White, Editor; July 2004; ISBN 0521601029
This first comprehensive Australian text on environmental sociology covers all of the current key issues and controversies in the field. Each chapter considers essential topics and debates, highlighting central figures and the social nature of environmental-related trends. In addition to drawing upon specific Australian sources, the text reflects international developments in environmental sociology.
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Crops and Environmental Change: An Introduction To Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO2 and O3 Concentrations, and Soil Salinization on Crop Physiology and Yield
by Seth G. Pritchard and Jeffrey S. Amthor; December 2004; ISBN 1560229128
Here is a complete introduction to the influence of global environmental changes on the structure, function, and harvestable yield of major field crops. It gives you an in-depth look at the effects of climate change, air pollution, and soil salinization. The book provides an introduction to the ramifications, both positive and negative, of these ongoing environmental changes for present and future crop production and food supply. It also integrates a discussion of the physiological effects of environmental change with background information on basic topics in plant physiology. Numerous charts, tables, and figures are included to assist in understanding the empirical effects of the environment on crops.
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Design of Landfills and Integrated Solid Waste Management
by Amalendu Bagchi; February 2004; ISBN 0471254991
By combining integrated solid waste management with the traditional coverage of landfills, this book offers the first comprehensive guide to managing the entire solid waste cycle, from collection, to recycling, to eventual disposal. It includes new material on source reduction, recycling, composting, contamination soil remediation, incineration, and medical waste management, and presents up-to-date chapters on bioreactor landfills, wetland mitigation, and landfill remediation. It also offers comprehensive coverage of the role of geotechnical engineering in a wide variety of environmental issues.
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Developing Ecological Consciousness: Paths to a Sustainable World
by Christopher Uhl; February 2004; ISBN 0742532909
The author taught a standard lackluster course in the environment for non-science majors for over a decade before realizing that it was only further alienating students from the environment. He pondered how to awaken interest and concern, and here presents the text he came up with.
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Developing World and the Environment: Making the Case for Effective Protection of the Global
by Rajendra Ramlogan; November 2004; ISBN 0761828788
In this study, the author calls for a re-examination of the legal and institutional framework for protection of the global environment within the context of the special needs of the developing world. This unique third-world perspective on international environmental law is suitable for college-level courses.
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A Dictionary of Ecology
by Michael Allaby; August 2004; ISBN 0198609442
From acid rain, CFC's, and the greenhouse effect to the food-chain and the gene bank, this thoroughly revised dictionary provides 5,000 up-to-date entries on all aspects of ecology and the environmental sciences. Offering direct access to the most accurate and up-to-date information available, the dictionary covers a vast range of subjects, from plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, evolution, environmental pollution, and conservation to climatology, meteorology, geomorphology, and oceanography. It has been fully updated to incorporate developments in this rapidly evolving field, particularly in the areas of molecular ecology, conservation, and the management of habitats. Also included are biographical notes on eminent ecologists and other scientists, as well as helpful cross-references that make this volume an invaluable reference tool for students, professionals, and anyone with an interest in the natural world and our environment.
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Dictionary of Water Engineering
by Ken Nelson, Charles Kerr, and Robert Legg; April 2004; ISBN 1853394904
An essential, up-to-date source of information on all aspects of water engineering and technology. Emphasis is placed on the needs of poorer communities and on the importance of environmental sustainability. The entries cover the many facets of water engineering and technology including: water supplies for urban and rural communities, wastewater systems, water resources, hydrology, irrigation, river improvement, drainage, erosion, groundwater exploration, hydrography, flood protection, hydraulic machines, dams and water power. The dictionary is designed to meet the needs of engineers, technicians and students. It offers down-to-earth guidance for all those involved in sustainable development programs, from planners to field workers.The key features of the dictionary include: clear and spacious layout for easy reference and reading; 3,500 terms, clearly defined; numerous key terms explained more fully; cross-references to associated and alternative terms; and illustrations help clarify more complex terms, equipment and structures.
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Dynamics of Regulatory Change : How Globalization Affects National Regulatory Policies
by David Vogel and Robert A. Kagan, Editors; September 2004; ISBN 0520245350
Critics of globalization claim that economic liberalization leads to a lowering of regulatory standards. As capital and corporations move more freely across national boundaries, a race to the bottom results as governments are forced to weaken labor and environmental standards to retain current contracts or attract new business. The essays in this volume argue that, on the contrary, under certain circumstances global economic integration can actually lead to the strengthening of consumer and environmental standards. 
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Ecology: Concepts and Applications
by Manuel C. Molles; January 2004; ISBN 0071111670
This introductory general ecology text features a strong emphasis or helping students grasp the main concepts of ecology while keeping the presentation more applied than theoretical. An evolutionary perspective forms the foundation of the entire discussion. Evolution is brought to center stage throughout the book, as it is needed to support understanding of major concepts. The discussion begins with a brief introduction to the nature and history of the discipline of ecology, followed by Section I, which includes two chapters on natural history--life on land and life in water. The intent is to establish a common foundation of natural history upon which to base the later discussions of ecological concepts. Sections II through VI build a hierarchical perspective: Section II concerns the ecology of individuals; Section III focuses on population ecology; Section IV presents the ecology of interactions; Section V summarizes community and ecosystem ecology; and finally, Section VI discusses large-scale ecology and includes chapters on landscape, geographic, and global ecology. In summary, the book begins with the natural history of the planet, considers portions of the whole in the middle chapters, and ends with another perspective of the entire planet in the concluding chapter.
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Ecosystem Sustainability and Health : A Practical Approach
by David Waltner-Toews; June 2004; ISBN 0521531853
This volume focuses on solutions to complex ecological problems with the objective of developing a new science for sustainability. Improving the health of people and animals, and improving the health, integrity or sustainability of ecosystems are laudable and important objectives. Can we do both? No ecosystems are untouched by human activity, and it appears that the world's ecosystems are reaching the limits of their ability to adapt to human impacts. The book draws on fields as diverse as epidemiology and participatory action research, philosophy and environmental sciences to examine this vital issue.
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Endangered Rivers and the Conservation Movement, The Case for River Conservation
by Tim Palmer; April 2004; ISBN 0742531414
The battles against the large dams were a central portion of river conservation efforts during through the 1960s and 70s. The author describes the environmental reasons for that focus and offers a history of the U.S. river conservation movement during that period. Aside from updating some of the controversies that were still raging at the time of the first edition, this new edition leaves most of the material on the big dams largely unchanged. The author does add new material on floodplain management in the wake of the Mississippi Flood of 1993 and on recent efforts to protect salmon runs.
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Endocrine Disrupters: Biological Basis for Health Effects in Wildlife and Humans
by David O. Norris and James A. Carr; January 2004; ISBN 0195137493
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Environmental Chemistry
by Colin Baird and Michael Cann; September 2004; ISBN 0716748770
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Environmental Geography: Science, Land Use, and Earth Systems, 3rd Edition
by William M. Marsh and John Grossa, Jr.; November 2004; ISBN 0471482803
Focusing on the use and misuse of the environment, this forward-looking book provides insights into where we seem to be headed as a species on the planet. It emphasizes the geographic aspects of problems, such as air pollution, locational factors, scales considerations, distributions and spatial associations. It provides an overview of the modern environmental dilemma and the factors that need to be examined in order to gain an understanding of the problem and it features a review of our planet's open lands and the effort to preserve and manage them.
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Environmental Hazards: Assessing Risk and Reducing Disaster (4th Edition)
by Keith Smith; August 2004; ISBN 0415318041
This book covers all major rapid-onset events (natural, human, or technological in origin) which directly threaten human life on a community scale. Combining insights from both the natural and social sciences, presents a broad overview followed by a systematic analysis of specific hazards. The new edition includes new global case studies and fresh material on risk management, epidemics, disaster trends, Third World vulnerability, remote sensing, mass movements, and droughts.
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Environmental Impacts of Microbial Insecticides: Need and Methods for Risk Assessment (Progress in Biological Control)
by Heikki M. T. Hokkanen and Ann E. Hajek (Editors); March 2004; ISBN 1402008139
Biological pesticides are increasingly finding their place in IPM programs, and the number of products finding their way to the marketplace is growing. While in many parts of the world implementation is proceeding on a large scale, in the USA and Europe registration procedures have been established to provide a low level of risk, but at the cost of retarding the implementation of microbial agents. This book will respond to the growing need to assess non-target impacts of biological pest control methods. So far, no review - let alone a handbook - exists on how to carry out the required assessments in practice, and what a particular outcome from an assessment might imply in terms of environmental risk or registration requirements. This book is intended to fill that gap. It should be of interest to many professional groups, including the scientific community involved in integrated pest management, crop protection, biological pest control, and ecology; regulatory authorities in countries around the world; ministries of agriculture; commercial companies developing biopesticides and firms carrying out environmental impact assessments; and universities with curricula in biological pest control and environmental sciences.
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Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity
by John Wainwright and Mark Mulligan, Editors; January 2004; ISBN 0471496170
Simulation models are increasingly used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this book is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The approach that the authors take is to present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and to encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. This book focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems; reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling; has an associated website containing colour images, links resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations; and gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g., climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering.
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The Environmental Regulatory Dictionary, Fourth Edition
by James J. King; December 2004; ISBN 0471705268
This volume updates a successful reference that allows users easier access to the 40 CFR definitions and terms in order to comply with U.S. government environmental regulations. Each of the definitions provides the exact wording found in the CFR and includes every definition for a given term, a feature that allows environmental compliance personnel to fully understand the regulations and "definitional inconsistencies" amongst the rules. In addition, every definition is cross-referenced to the section of the Code where the term is found. This not only saves users from searching through the Code to find the section that applies to their particular topic, but also enables readers to use the Dictionary as a guide to finding topics in the CFR.
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Environmental Risk (The International Library of Environmental Law and Policy)
by John S. Applegate (Editor); March 2004; ISBN 0754623351
These papers define, explore and discuss environmental risk from a legal perspective.
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Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms
by A. Hilbeck and David Alan Andow; November 2004; ISBN 0851998615
Many international forums have identified the need for comprehensive, transparent, scientific methods for the pre-release testing and post-release monitoring of transgenic plants to ensure their environmental safety and sustainable use. There is also wide recognition that the regulatory and scientific capacity for conducting assessments needs to be strengthened worldwide. In response to these requirements, a GMO Guidelines Project was established, under the aegis of the International Organization for Biological Control, to develop biosafety testing guidelines for transgenic plants. This book is one output of this project, and focuses on transgenic maize in Kenya. Such maize includes genes transferred from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which code for proteins which are toxic to some insects. The book addresses both environmental and agricultural impacts, but does not evaluate human health impacts or ethical implications. It draws out some general risk assessment guidelines, but demonstrates the need for case-by-case analysis.
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Environmental Science : Toward A Sustainable Future (9th Edition)
by Richard T. Wright; April 2004; ISBN 0131442007
This classic book explores the interactions of humans within the natural environment and probes issues thoroughly, examining their scientific basis, history, and society's response. Strong science, sustainability, and stewardship of earth remain the underlying themes. Accompaning each copy of the book is the new Global City CD, built around the concepts of a large city that shows many of the environmental problems presented in the book. It includes an extensively revised layout and design and keeps readers abreast of the latest developments or most pressing issues in the field, such as Global Climate Change. It offers "Environment on the Web" exercises that help readers access additional information on the Internet; important Web references are keyed to each chapter. This book is an interesting reference for anyone interested in learning more about today's crucial environmental issues.
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Environmental Statistics : Methods and Applications
by Vic Barnett; January 2004; ISBN 0471489719
This book provides broad coverage of the methodology used in the statistical investigation of environmental issues. It covers a wide range of key topics, including sampling, methods for extreme data, outliers and robustness, relationship models and methods, time series, spatial analysis, and environmental standards. It also includes many detailed practical and worked examples that illustrate the applications of statistical methods in environmental issues.
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Exploring Environmental Issues: An Integrated Approach
by David D. Kemp; June 2004; ISBN 041526863X
This concise, introductory text presents a review of current environmental issues using a geographical approach that stresses the interrelationships between environment and societies.
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First Ecology
by Alan Beeby and Anne-Maria Brennan; February 2004; ISBN 0199261245
An introductory textbook that draws on common experience and takes a global perspective. It puts the science in a human context by reviewing human origins by approaching topics from a human dimension and reviewing the ecological implications of human endeavors. The book also includes exercises with answers and a glossary.
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Fluorides in the Environment: Effects on Plants and Animals
by Leonard H. Weinstein and A. W. Davison; February 2004; ISBN 0851996833
The authors provide background material on the natural and artificial occurrence of the element and its impact on biological beings, in order to inform the perennial debate about adding fluoride to public water systems. Among their topics are sources; the uptake, transport, and accumulation of inorganic fluorides by plants and animals; the effects of inorganic fluorides on animals, plants, and other organisms; some case histories involving fluoride contamination; monitoring and identifying effects in the field; environmental standards to protect humans, other animals, and plants; and natural and manufactured organofluorine compounds.
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Fundamentals of Ecology, 5th edition
by Eugene Odum and Gary W. Barrett; July 2004; ISBN 0534420664
The late Eugene Odum was a pioneer in systems ecology and is credited with bringing ecosystems into the mainstream public consciousness as well as into introductory college instruction. The first edition was published in 1953 and was the vehicle Odum used to educate a wide audience about ecological science. This fifth edition is co-authored by Odum's protege Gary Barrett and represents the last academic text Odum produced. The text retains its classic holistic approach to ecosystem science, but incorporates and integrates an evolutionary approach as well. In keeping with a greater temporal/spatial approach to ecology, new chapters in landscape ecology, regional ecology, and global ecology have been added building on the levels-of-organization hierarchy. Also, a final chapter entitled "Statistical Thinking for Students of Ecology" provides a quantitative synthesis to the field of statistics. Contemporary and engaging, this text brings clarity and specificity to the study of ecology in the twenty-first century.
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Fundamentals of Soil Ecology
by David C. Coleman, D. A. Crossley, and Paul F. Hendrix; July 2004; ISBN 0121797260
This fully revised and expanded edition of Fundamentals of Soil Ecology continues its holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function. Students and ecosystem researchers will gain a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The authors emphasize the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provide an overview of theory and practice of soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This volume contains updated and greatly expanded coverage of all belowground biota (roots, microbes and fauna) and methods to identify and determine its distribution and abundance. New chapters are provided on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem processes, suggested laboratory and field methods to measure biota and their activities in ecosystems.
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Genetic Engineering in Agriculture: The Myths, Environmental Risks, and Alternatives
by Miguel A. Altieri; November 2004; ISBN 0935028935
This volume is not a proceedings, however, but a short essay containing the author's critique of the creation of genetically modified food and the plans to propagate it world wide.
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Global Environmental Issues
by Frances Harris, Editor; February 2004; ISBN 0470845600
Environmental issues, such as climate change and energy consumption, and our responses to them are of global concern. The underlying premise of the book is that while global environmental issues may be the result of natural and/or human-induced resource degradation, their root causes are due to more than just ecological factors and technological errors or problems. Biophysical environmental problems are often exacerbated by economic, social or political problems.

This book views global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of causes, influenced by a range of actors with differing priorities. In addition to discussing the main biophysical causes, the book will illustrate how socio-economic and political factors determine why and how people use land, resources and technology, and how this in turn affects natural resource management. With an increased interest in the causes and consequences of environmental problems, this book will meet the needs of upper level undergraduates and Masters students within departments of environmental science and geography, who want a book that tackles the complexity of environmental change.

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The Global Politics of the Environment: Second Edition
by Lorraine Elliott; August 2004; ISBN 0814722180
Human activity is changing the global environment on a scale unlike that of any other era. Environmental deterioration is now a global issue—ecologically, politically, and economically—that requires global solutions. Yet there is considerable disagreement over what kinds of strategies we should adopt in order to halt and reverse damage to the global ecosystem.

What kinds of international institutions are best suited to dealing with global environmental problems? Why are women and indigenous peoples still marginalized in global environmental politics? What are the consequences of the global ecological crisis for economic and security policies? This book makes sense of the often seemingly irreconcilable answers to these questions. It focuses throughout on the tensions between mainstream strategies, which seek to build support for reforms through existing institutions, and radical critiques, which argue that environmental degradation is a symptom of a dysfunctional world order that must itself be transformed if we are to meet the challenge of saving the planet.

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Global Warming: A Very Short Introduction
by Mark Maslin; July 2004; ISBN 0192840975
This book is an informative, up to date discussion about the predicted impacts of global warming. It draws on material from the recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a huge collaborative study drawing together current thinking on the subject from experts in a range of disciplines, and presents the findings of the panel for a general readership for the first time. The book also discusses the politics of global warming and what we can do now to adapt to climate change and mitigate its worst effects.
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The Green Myth-Economic Growth and the Quality of the Environment
by Marian Radetzki; April 2004; ISBN 090652217X
This book challenges the common belief that economic growth constitutes an insurmountable threat to the environment. A wide array of empirical observations is presented to show that environmental quality tends to improve as economic activity is expanded. The book explores the reasons for this counterintuitive finding and concludes that expanding economic activity has provided increasing scope to fashion environmental conditions to human needs, that human inventiveness and flexible behavior has avoided or disarmed the environmental problems and constraints arising in the course of economic growth, and that there is no compelling reason why continued economic growth should not be compatible with improving environmental standards.
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Hazardous Materials Incidents
by Chris Hawley; May 2004; ISBN 1401857582
Marked by its risk-based response philosophy, this book is an invaluable procedural manual and all-inclusive information resource for emergency services professionals faced with the challenge of responding swiftly and effectively to hazardous materials and terrorism incidents. Easy-to-read and perfect for use in HazMat awareness, operations, and technician-level training courses, this "Operations Plus" book begins by acquainting readers with current laws and regulations, including those governing emergency planning and workplace safety. Subsequent chapters provide in-depth information about personal protective equipment and its limitations; protective actions ranging from site management and rescue through evacuation and decontamination; product control including the use of carbon monoxide detectors; responses to terrorism and terrorist groups; law enforcement activities such as SWAT operations and evidence collection; and more. 
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Human Adaptive Strategies: Ecology, Culture, and Politics
by Daniel G. Bates; June 2004; ISBN 0205418155
This book uses case studies to understand how cultures evolved within the context of their environment and how their methods of surviving in their environment has affected other aspects of their culture. Topics include the study of human behavior, evolution, ecology, and politics, foraging, agriculture, and more.
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Insider's Guide to Environmental Manual Development : A Project Plan Approach for Industrial Facilities
by Laureen McMurray-Boyle; December 2004; ISBN 0471483516
This volume will provide both the rationale behind a comprehensive environmental manual and the step-by-step instructions for how to develop one.  The book will contain templates for procedures and ideas for consolidating permit information onto one useful page.  Additionally, the book will demonstrate how to document the facility processes including waste streams and detail effective tracking methods for those streams. 
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Integrated Resource and Environmental Management
by Alan W. Ewert, Douglas C. Baker, and Glyn C. Bissix; December 2004; ISBN 0851998348
This book can be defined as both a management process and a philosophy, that takes into account the many values associated with natural resources within a particular area. This book presents an overview and history of natural resource management, from a global perspective. It discusses the challenges facing IREM by examining issues such as conflict, property rights and the role of science in the management of natural resource. It also addresses the definition and application of IREM from several different contexts, including real-world applications, planning frameworks, and complex systems. It provides a comprehensive aid in natural resource decision-making within the context of the real world.
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An Introduction to Cultural Ecology
by Mark Q. Sutton and Eugene N. Anderson; May 2004; ISBN 0759105308
This book is geared towards students and instructors involved in cultural ecology, ecological anthropology, and/or human ecology. While covering basic concepts for beginners, this book also provides a thorough and sophisticated discussion of cultural ecology's history and theory using examples from throughout the world, both historical and contemporary.
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An Introduction to Molecular Ecology
by Trevor J. C. Beebee and Graham Rowe; March 2004; ISBN 0199248575
The authors overview the history of molecular ecology, looking at the relationships between natural history, genetics, and evolution, then discuss areas of molecular population genetics, phylogeography, and molecular ecology in conservation biology. Chapters are structured to include background information, questions of interest, the underlying theory of the various molecular and analytical approaches, and relevant examples. Appendices detail major practical and analytical methods used in molecular ecology. Chapter summaries, margin key points, and b&w photos are included.
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It's Getting Better All the Time: From Economic Prosperity to Environmental Quality
by Terry L. Anderson (Editor); May 2004; ISBN 0817944826
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Liberation Ecologies: Environment, Development, Social Movements
by Richard Peet and Michael Watts (Editors); June 2004; ISBN 0415312361
This book elaborates a political-economic explanation of environmental crisis, drawing from the most recent advances in social theory.
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Loss of Biodiversity (Exploring Environmental Challenges)
by Sharon L. Spray and Karen L. McGlothlin; January 2004; ISBN 0742525678
Seven readings for an introductory, interdisciplinary course in environmental science or studies. Each defines an environmental concern and outlines approaches and methods for studying it in the natural and social sciences and the humanities.
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Managing Soil Quality: Challenges in Modern Agriculture
by P. Schjonning, S. Elmholt, B. T. Christensen, and P. Schjnning (Editors); January 2004; ISBN 085199671X
Appropriate for graduate students and researchers, this collection discusses an approach to soil quality assessment being adopted by industrialized countries that establishes management baselines and threshold values for maintaining productivity while reducing negative effects on the environment and human health. The 18 contributions review recent thought about soil processes, plant nutrition, soil diversity, the physical form of soils, and soil contamination. Topics include sustainable management of nitrogen and potassium, the effects of microbes on soil health, and the prevention of subsoil compaction and erosion.
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Marine Biology : An Ecological Approach (6th Edition)
by James W. Nybakken and Mark D. Bertness; October 2004; ISBN 0805345825
This book emphasizes the ecological principles that govern marine life throughout all environments within the world's oceans. Its unique ecological approach adds real-world relevance by exploring how organisms interact within their individual ecosystems. The book is organized by habitat and each habitat receives detailed, in-depth coverage, giving readers the flexibility to focus on their particular areas of interest. The Fifth Edition is fully updated with the latest research data and topics, including expanded coverage of the human impact on oceans, oceanic dead zones, and coral reefs. For marine biologists and marine ecologists.
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Marine Microbiology: Ecology and Applications
by C. B. Munn; March 2004; ISBN 1859962882
New tools and an increased interest in ecological factors have caused an upsurge of interest in this field of study. The book aims to convey the fascinating discoveries and great importance of this fast moving discipline to the student. It is divided into three sections: the first reviews the main features of the marine environment and key aspects of marine microbial life; the second looks at the role of marine microorganisms in ecology, and the final section considers some of the applications of this knowledge, looking into areas such as disease and biodegradation.
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Microbial Diversity and Bioprospecting
by Alan T. Bull; January 2004; ISBN 1555812678
This book discusses new developments in the field of microbiology and features biological diversity for microbial prospecting activities. It includes such topics as microbial ecology, mapping microbial diversity, and bioinformatics and also discusses the value and impact of biodiversity.
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Microbial Ecosystems of Antarctica
by Warwick F. Vincent, L. C. Bliss, A. C. Clarke, D. J. Drewry, M. A. P. Renouf, D. W. H. Walton, and P. J. Williams (Editors); March 2004; ISBN 0521544130
This book summarizes the diverse range of ecosystems throughout the south polar region, the major features of the chemical and physical environment in each type of habitat, and the influence of these features on the population structure and dynamics of the microbiota. A compilation of regional climatic data and general environmental summaries is presented in the appendices to support some of the observations made in the text and as reference for investigators.
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Microbial Inhabitants of Humans : Their Ecology and Role in Health and Disease
by Michael Wilson; November 2004; ISBN 0521841585
Microbial communities (normal indigenous microbiota) inhabit those regions of the human body that are exposed to the external environment, including the skin, eyes, oral cavity and the respiratory, urinary, reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts. Consequently, the key anatomical and physiological characteristics of each body site are described throughout this book to reveal why particular organisms are able to colonize an anatomical region. The crucial roles of the indigenous microbiota in protecting against exogenous pathogens, regulating the development of our immune system and mucosae, and providing nutrients are also discussed.
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Molecular Microbial Ecology Manual
by George A. Kowalchuk, Frans J. de Bruijn, Ian M. Head, Antoon D.L. Akkermans, Jan Dirk van Elsas, Editors; October 2004; ISBN 1402021763
This is a laboratory manual introducing microbial ecologists to a selected number of current molecular techniques for detecting and identifying microbes at the DNA and RNA level in their natural environment. Among the procedures described are extracting microbial DNA from sewage and manure slurries, the gel purification of soil DNA extracts, detecting microbial DNA sequences by colony hybridization, investigating fungal phylogeny on the basis of small ribosomal subunit RNA sequences, fluorescent staining of microbes for total direct counts, natural transformation in aquatic environments, and heavy metal resistances in microbial ecosystems.
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Nature, Environment and Society (Sociology for a Changing World)
by Philip W. Sutton; September 2004; ISBN 0333995686
How have sociologists responded to the emergence of environmentalism? What has sociology to offer the study of environmental problems? This uniquely comprehensive guide traces the origins and development of environmental movements and environmental issues, providing a critical review of the most significant debates in the new field of environmental sociology. It covers environmental ideas, environmental movements, social constructionism, critical realism, "ecocentric" theory, environmental identities, risk society theory, sustainable development, Green consumerism, ecological modernization and debates around modernity and post- modernity. Philip Sutton adopts a long-term view, which focuses on the relationship between ideas of nature and environment, ecological identities and social change, providing a framework for future research. Bringing environmental issues into contact with sociological theories, this book provides an up-to-date introduction to this important new field. It will be essential reading for all students of sociology, environmental studies and anyone interested in understanding environmental problems.
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The Nature of Design: Ecology, Culture, and Human Intention
by David W. Orr; June 2004; ISBN 0195173686
The environmental movement has often been accused of being overly negative--trying to stop "progress." This book, on the other hand, is about starting things, specifically an ecological design revolution that changes how we provide food, shelter, energy, materials, and livelihood, and how we deal with waste. Ecological design is an emerging field that aims to recalibrate what humans do in the world according to how the world works as a biophysical system. Design in this sense is a large concept having to do as much with politics and ethics as with buildings and technology. The book begins by describing the scope of design, comparing it to the enlightenment of the 18th century. Subsequent chapters describe barriers to a design revolution inherent in our misuse of language, the clockspeed of technological society, and shortsighted politics. The author goes on to describe the critical role educational institutions might play in fostering design intelligence and what he calls "a higher order of heroism." Appropriately, the book ends on themes of charity, wilderness, and the rights of children. 
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Nature's Experts: Science, Politics, and the Environment
by Stephen Bocking; November 2004; ISBN 0813533988
It seems self-evident that science plays a central role in environmental affairs. Regulatory agencies, businesses, and public interest groups all draw on scientific research to support their claims. However, some critics describe science not as the solution to environmental problems, but as their source. Moreover, the science itself is often a basis of controversy, as debates over global warming and environmental health risks have shown.

This book explores the contributions and challenges presented when scientific authority enters the realm of environmental affairs. The author focuses on four major areas of environmental politics: the formation of environmental values and attitudes, management of natural resources such as forests and fish, efforts to address international environmental issues such as climate change, and decisions relating to environmental and health risks. In each area, practical examples and case studies illustrate that science must fulfill two functions if it is to contribute to resolving environmental controversies. First, science must be relevant and credible, and second, it must be democratic, where everyone has equal access to the information they need to present and defend their views on given issues.

Bridging perspectives from science studies, history, and environmental science, this book not only illuminates the complex and increasingly problematic relationship between science and environmental politics, it offers guidance as to how this relationship can be improved.

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Nuclear Waste: A Technological and Political Challenge (Environmental Science)
by Piero Risoluti; January 2004; ISBN 3540404473
The selection of a suitable site for disposal of nuclear waste is today one of the most difficult and controversial tasks, primarily because of the opposition of the local community. This book is geared to explain the origin of the negative perception of nuclear energy by the public at large. The author emphasizes that the problem of social acceptance of nuclear-waste disposal sites is mostly based on misinformation conveyed by antinuclear proponents. This contribution also provides a comprehensive picture of the most significant recent technical achievements in the disposal of nuclear waste.
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Partnering for the Environment: Multistakeholder Collaboration in a Changing World
by Eric C. Poncelet; February 2004; ISBN 0742501590
The author brings an anthropological perspective to the study of multistakeholder environmental partnerships, defined as consensus-based groups combining representatives of government, business, and nongovernmental organizations addressing "environmental issues of mutual concern." Through the presentation of four case studies from Europe and North America, examines the practices of these partnerships, especially at the level of social interaction. He is particularly concerned with the interpretations and values of the players and how those factors work within the context of power dynamics and the creation of new meaning through the partnership process.
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Physics of the Space Environment 
by Tamas I. Gombosi; August 2004; ISBN 052160768X
This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical phenomena that result from the interaction of the sun and the planets - often termed space weather. Physics of the Space Environment explores the basic processes in the Sun, in the interplanetary medium, in the near-Earth space, and down into the atmosphere. The first part of the book summarizes fundamental elements of transport theory relevant for the atmosphere, ionosphere and the magnetosphere. This theory is then applied to physical phenomena in the space environment. The fundamental physical processes are emphasized throughout, and basic concepts and methods are derived from first principles. This book is unique in its balanced treatment of space plasma and aeronomical phenomena. Students and researchers with a basic mathematics and physics background will find this book invaluable in the study of phenomena in the space environment.
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Planetary Aeronomy: Atmosphere Environments in Planetary Systems 
by S.J. Bauer, H. Lammer, Siegfried Bauer, and Helmut Lammer; October 2004; ISBN 3540214720
Planetary Aeronomy is a modern and concise introduction to the underlying physical and chemical processes that govern the formation and evolution of the upper atmospheres of planets. The general approach employed permits consideration of the growing number of extrasolar planets, the detailed observation of which will become possible over the next decades. The book explains the physics behind many atmospheric processes, which are relevant for the evolution of planetary atmospheres and their water inventories, and also contains useful scaling laws and analytical expressions that can be applied to any planet. Readers thus gain insight into the evolution of terrestrial planets and their long-time habitability, atmospheric stability, etc. This volume can be used both as graduate textbook for students wishing to specialize in the field as well as succinct compendium for researchers in the field.
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Plants in Changing Environments : Linking Physiological, Population, and Community Ecology (2nd Edition)
by F. A. Bazzaz; April 2004; ISBN 0521533058
This book integrates information on how disturbance changes the environment, how species function, coexist, and share or compete for resources in populations and communities and how species replace each other over successional time.
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Price, Principle, and the Environment
by Mark Sagoff; September 2004; ISBN 0521837235
Demonstrating the contribution of economics to environmental policy, the author argues that economics is helpful in designing institutions and processes through which people can settle environmental disputes. However, he also reveals that economic analysis fails completely when it attempts to attach value to environmental goods. He concludes that environmental policy responds to principles best identified and applied through political processes in this work geared to environmentalists as well as philosophers.
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A Primer of Ecological Statistics
by Nicholas J. Gotelli and Aaron M. Ellison; May 2004; ISBN 0878932690
This book explains fundamental material in probability theory and experimental design for ecologists and environmental scientists. The book emphasizes a general introduction to probability theory and provides a detailed discussion of specific designs and analyses that are typically encountered in ecology and environmental science. Appropriate for use as either a stand-alone or supplementary text for upper-division undergraduate or graduate courses in ecological and environmental statistics, ecology, environmental science, environmental studies, or experimental design, the Primer also serves as a resource for environmental professionals who need to use and interpret statistics daily but have little or no formal training in the subject.

The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses the fundamentals of probability and statistical thinking. It introduces the logic and language of probability (Chapter 1), explains common statistical distributions used in ecology (Chapter 2) and important measures of central tendency and spread (Chapter 3), explains P-values, hypothesis testing, and statistical errors (Chapter 4), and introduces frequentist, Bayesian, and Monte Carlo methods of analysis (Chapter 5). Part II discusses how to successfully design and execute field experiments and sampling studies. Topics include design strategies (Chapter 6), a "bestiary" of experimental designs (Chapter 7), and transformations and data management (Chapter 8). Part III discusses specific analyses, and covers the material that is the main core of most statistics texts. Topics include regression (Chapter 9), analysis of variance (Chapter 10), categorical data analysis (Chapter 11), and multivariate analysis (Chapter 12).

The book includes a comprehensive glossary, a mathematical appendix on matrix algebra, and extensively annotated tables and figures. Footnotes introduce advanced and ancillary material: some are purely historical, others cover mathematical/statistical proofs or details, and still others address current topics in the ecological literature.

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Principles of Environmental Chemistry
by James E. Girard; August 2004; ISBN 0763724718
This book offers a student-friendly approach to the chemical principles underlying environmental issues, and links socio-economic indicators with their impacts on the environment. Written for students who have taken general chemistry, the text presents the major environmental issues in the areas of energy; toxic chemicals; and the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. The only environmental textbook that stresses analysis of environmental pollutants, this book describes the analytical techniques and methods that are used to measure pollutants in the environment, stresses EPA regulation of discharges into the air and water, and describes the EPA methods that are used to assure compliance.
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Regional-Scale Risk Assessment: The Relative Risk Approach
by Wayne G. Landis; July 2004; ISBN 1566706556
Addressing large-scale and comparative risks at the landscape level in an environment containing multiple stressors and receptors, this book focuses on assessments using the Relative Risk Model (RRM) pioneered at Western Washington University over the last seven years. Developed to meet the need for regional assessments with multiple stressors from diverse sources and numerous desired endpoints, the RRM is amenable to additional iterations as new information becomes available. The book includes case studies from the Pacific Northwest, Port Valdez, Pennsylvania, Brazil, and Tasmania.
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Re-Thinking Green: Alternatives to Environmental Bureaucracy
by Robert Higgs and Carl P. Close (Editors); April 2004; ISBN 0945999976
Eco-industrial parks, endangered species, entrepreneurship and coastal resource management, global warming, population growth, and regulation are among the hot topics examined in this review of environmental policies. Scholars such as Stephen M. Colarelli, Loren E. Lomasky, Craig S. Marxsen, Randal O'Toole, Sarah Peterson, and Richard L. Stroup consider the adoption of "free-market environmentalism" and offer new paradigms through which to view environmental policy. Contending that the existing maze of environmental laws and regulations have fostered huge government bureaucracies better known for waste and failure than innovation and success, this book dispels the economic and political misconceptions that permeate the national and international dialogue on the environment.
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Risk and Reason : Safety, Law, and the Environment
by Cass R. Sunstein; January 2004; ISBN 0521016258
What should be done about airplane safety and terrorism, global warming, polluted water, nuclear power, and genetically engineered food? Decision-makers often respond to temporary fears, and the result is a situation of hysteria and neglect--and unnecessary illness and death. This book explains the sources of these problems and explores what can be done about them. It shows how individual thinking and social interactions lead us in foolish directions. Offering sound proposals for social reform, it explains how a more sensible system of risk regulation, embodied in the idea of a "cost-benefit state," could save many thousands of lives and many billions of dollars too--and protect the environment in the process.
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Risk and Uncertainty in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
by Justus Wesseler, Hans-Peter Weikard, and Robert D. Weaver (Editor); February 2004; ISBN 1843766094
This book explores some of the complexities of decision-making under risk and uncertainty in environmental and natural resource economics. Risk and uncertainty are inherent problems for economists, and the authors in this volume offer numerous challenges and opportunities to improve the tools we use to assess these concepts.

They begin by studying various environmental issues such as climate change and biodiversity conservation to underline the importance of identifying different forms of uncertainty and irreversibility. They move on to consider the implications risk and uncertainty have on economic development and environmental policies, and study the attitudes of different user-groups to these issues. Finally, they examine the natural resource management dilemmas faced by the private sector including issues of optimal resource allocation, insurance problems and consumer behavior.

Presenting cutting-edge research on the management of the environment under risk and uncertainty, this book will interest and inform academics and researchers in the fields of environmental and resource economics, and decision-makers in governmental and non-governmental agencies. It will also be of value to economists who want to understand the importance of analyzing the impact of risk and uncertainty on environmental and economic processes.

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Risk Regulation at Risk: Restoring a Pragmatic Approach
by Sidney A. Shapiro and Robert L. Glicksman; November 2004; ISBN 0804751021
In the 1960s and 1970s, Congress enacted a vast body of legislation to protect the environment and individual health and safety. Collectively, this legislation is known as "risk regulation" because it addresses the risk of harm that technology creates for individuals and the environment. In the last two decades, this legislation has come under increasing attack by critics who employ utilitarian philosophy and cost-benefit analysis. The defenders of this body of risk regulation, by contrast, have lacked a similar unifying theory.

In this book, the authors propose that the American tradition of philosophical pragmatism fills this vacuum. They argue that pragmatism offers a better method for conceiving of and implementing risk regulation than the economic paradigm favored by its critics. While pragmatism offers a methodology in support of risk regulation as it was originally conceived, it also offers a perspective from which this legislation can be held up to critical appraisal. The authors employ pragmatism to support risk regulation, but pragmatism also leads them to agree with some of the criticisms against it, and even to level new criticisms of their own. In the end, the authors reject the picture—painted by risk regulation’s critics—of widely excessive and irrational regulation, but the pragmatic perspective also leads them to propose a number of recommendations for useful reforms to risk regulation.

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Society and Nature: Changing Our Environment, Changing Ourselves
by Peter Dickens; February 2004; ISBN 074562796X
This is a lively and highly accessible introduction to the sociology of the environment. The book provides a comprehensive guide to contemporary issues and current debates – including society, nature and the enlightenment, industry and environmental transformation, commodification, consumption, the network society and human identity, human biology, citizenship and new social movements. Combining insights from contemporary sociology, politics, developmental biology and psychology, the author suggests that environmental degradation is largely due to humanity’s narcissistic demand that the environment be made into a commodity to be consumed. Meanwhile, human biology is also being modified: people’s bodies are being rebuilt in ways that reflect their class positions. People and their surroundings have always adapted according to the demands of society. But modern capitalist society is changing the environment and its people in profound, potentially catastrophic, ways, shaping both human and non-human nature in its own image.
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Soil Organic Matter in Sustainable Agriculture (Advances in Agroecology)
by Fred Magdoff, Frederick R. Magdoff, Ray R. Weil, Raymond Weil (Editors); June 2004; ISBN 0849312949
Recognition of the importance of soil organic matter (SOM) in soil health and quality is a major part of fostering a holistic, preventive approach to agricultural management. This book gathers key scientific reviews concerning issues that are critical for successful SOM management. It contains evaluations of the types of organic soil constituents-organisms, fresh residues, and well-decomposed substances and explores the beneficial effects of organic matter on soil and the various practices that enhance SOM. Chapters include an examination of the results of crop management practices on soil organisms, organic matter gains and losses, the significance of various SOM fractions, and the contributions of fungi and earthworms to soil quality and crop growth. Emphasizing the prevention of imbalances that lead to soil and crop problems, the text also explores the development of soils suppressive to plant diseases and pests, and relates SOM management to the supply of nutrients to crops. This book provides the essential scientific background and poses the challenging questions that students need to better understand SOM and develop improved soil and crop management systems.
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Solid Waste: Assessment, Monitoring and Remediation (Waste Management Series)
by I. Twardowska, H. E. Allen, A. A. F Kettrup, and W.J. Lacy (Editors); January 2004; ISBN 0080443214
This book covers a broad group of wastes, from biowaste to hazardous waste, but primarily the largest (by mass and volume) group of wastes that are not hazardous, but also are not inert, and are problematic for three major reasons: (1) they are difficult to manage because of their volume: usually they are used in civil engineering as a common fill etc., where they are exposed to environmental conditions almost the same way as at disposal sites; (2) they are not geochemically stable and in the different periods of environmental exposure undergo transformations that might add hazardous properties to the material that are not displayed when it is freshly generated; (3) many designers and researchers in different countries involved in waste management are often not aware of time-delayed adverse environmental impact of some large-volume waste, and also do not consider some positive properties that may extend the area of their environmentally beneficial application.
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Spatial Ecological-Economic Analysis for Wetland Management : Modelling and Scenario Evaluation of Land-Use
by Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh, Aat Barendregt, and Alison J. Gilbert; May 2004; ISBN 0521822300
World wetlands are endangered by human activities and development in all parts of the world. This book approaches the study of wetlands management and development policy by using integrated ecosystem modelling that draws on insights from hydrology, ecology and economics. The authors devote particular attention to the spatial dimension, the development of a set of complementary indicators, and the aggregation and evaluation of information.
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Stream Hydrology : An Introduction for Ecologists
by Nancy D. Gordon, Thomas A. McMahon, Brian L. Finlayson, Christopher J. Gippel, and Rory J. Nathan; June 2004; ISBN 0470843586
This text for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in hydrology, stream ecology, and fisheries science describes methods from engineering hydrology, fluvial geomorphology, and hydraulics, and gives examples of their biological implications. Emphasis is on applications, from collecting and analyzing field measurements to using data and tools in stream management. There is new material on environmental flows, stream rehabilitation, and measuring stream health. B&W photos are included. Reflecting the latest developments in the application of hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology to stream management, this second edition maintains an emphasis on the physical environment, and offers a new version of a software package, available online, that was developed for use with the text. The software assumes no prior knowledge other than basic computer keyboard skills.
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Sustainable Development of Energy, Water, and Environment Systems
by N. H. Afgan (Editor); March 2004; ISBN 9058096629
The 36 reviewer-selected papers and lectures discuss the sustainability concept in the three areas and its relation to global development, analyze potential scientific and technological processes reflecting exchange, present system models and their evolution, and assess systems by economic and social as well as other criteria. Among specific topics are applying energy analysis to the sustainable management of water resources, applying possibility theory and fuzzy logic to risk assessment problems, surface water retention basins as a tool for new and renewable water and energy sources, and a possibility of improving energy efficiency with new fossil fuel technologies in developing countries.
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Sustaining Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Soils and Sediments 
by Diana H. Wall, Editor; November 2004; ISBN 1559637609
This volume brings together the world's leading ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists to present scientific information that integrates soil and sediment disciplines across terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems. It offers a framework for a new discipline, one that will allow future scientists to consider the linkages of biodiversity below-surface, and how biota interact to provide the essential ecosystem services needed for sustainable soils and sediments.

Contributors consider key-questions regarding soils and sediments and the relationship between soil- and sediment- dwelling organisms and overall ecosystem functioning. The book is an important new synthesis for scientists and researchers studying a range of topics, including global sustainability, conservation biology, taxonomy, erosion, extreme systems, food production, and related fields. In addition, it provides new insight and understanding for managers, policymakers, and others concerned with global environmental sustainability and global change issues.

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Teen Guides to Environmental Science
by John F. Mongillo and Peter A. Mongillo; Mary 2004; ISBN 0313321868
This five-volume set presents a comprehensive look at the current state of our environment and what needs to be done to repair the damage and move toward a sustainable society. More than 500 images, timelines, lists of environmental organizations and agencies, and over 100 suggested activities for students provide further information on one of the most important and debated topics of the 21st century.
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Thinking Ecologically: Environmental Thought, Values and Policy
by Bruce Morito; October 2004; ISBN 1552660923
Arguments about the environment in the history of Western thought accompany a guide to developing an approach to environmental thought based on ecological attunement in this analysis of the fundamental concepts that ground environmental policy. Sustainability, sustainable development, and conservation are three concepts that illustrate the relationship between humans and the environment. A synthesis of Western, Eastern, and Aboriginal approaches to the environment offers a radically new way of thinking about how environmental ethics develop and evolve.
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Timber Production and Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Rain Forests (Cambridge Studies in Applied Ecology and Resource Management)
by Andrew Grieser Johns; August 2004; ISBN 0521607620
Timber production is often the most economic form of land use in areas of tropical forest; forest preservation is rarely so. This book attempts to bridge the current gap between conservation requirements and commercial interests, indicating the possibilities for integrated management of tropical forests. The aim is to create a practical approach for the management of production forest as a supplement to totally-protected forest in the conservation of tropical biodiversity.
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Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems
by Sven Erik Jorgensen and Yuri M. Svirezhev; July 2004; ISBN 008044167X
The book presents a consistent and complete ecosystem theory based on thermodynamic concepts. The first chapters are devoted to an interpretation of the first and second law of thermodynamics in ecosystem context. Then Prigogine's use of far from equilibrium thermodynamic is used on ecosystems to explain their reactions to perturbations. The introduction of the concept energy makes it possible to give a more profound and comprehensive explanation of the ecosystem's reactions and growth-patterns. A tentative fourth law of thermodynamic is formulated and applied to facilitate these explanations. The trophic chain, the global energy and radiation balance and pattern and the reactions of ecological networks are all explained by the use of energy. Finally, it is discussed how the presented theory can be applied more widely to explain ecological observations and rules, to assess ecosystem health and to develop ecological models.
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Transport Processes in Nature : Propagation of Ecological Influences Through Environmental Space
by William A. Reiners and Kenneth L. Driese; May 2004; ISBN 0521800498
The authors introduce a conceptual framework for studying the propagation of ecological influences across landscapes. They also provide examples of models that describe and predict propagation. This volume is an excellent graduate-level introduction to the field of landscape ecology, which is concerned with the effects of spatial patterns on ecological processes, especially the movement of organisms, abiotic materials and energy across landscapes.
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Understanding Environmental Pollution : A Primer
by Marquita K. Hill; August 2004; ISBN 0521527260
Introducing pollution issues to students and others with little scientific background, this new edition of a well-received textbook has been completely revised and updated. Starting with the definition of pollution and how pollutants behave, it progresses to covering air and water pollution basics, pollution and global change, solid waste, and pollution in the home.
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World Agriculture and the Environment: A Commodity-by-Commodity Guide to Impacts and Practices
by Jason Clay; March 2004; ISBN 1559633700
This book reviews the basics of soil and water and then details the production methods of 20 heavily traded goods, how those methods harm the environment, and what measures could be taken to reduce the damage. The author does not aim to be comprehensive, and he does not suggest that all measures could be taken in all situations; but his discussion gives a starting place for more environmentally friendly production of coffee, tea, cocoa, orange juice, sugarcane soybeans, palm oil, bananas, cashews, cotton, wood pulp, rubber, tobacco, wheat, rice, corn, sorghum, cassava, beef, shrimp, and salmon.
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Achieving Sustainable Freshwater Systems: A Web of Connections
by Marjorie M. Holland (Editor), Elizabeth R. Blood (Editor), Lawrence R. Shaffer (Editor); May 2003; ISBN 1559639296
One of the most pressing challenges of the 21st century is to develop a means of satisfying the water demands of an ever-expanding human population while at the same time protecting the aquatic ecosystems and ecological services upon which all life depends. Contributors in this book represent a variety of perspectives and expertise, helping to illuminate the multiple connections and concerns involved with freshwater systems.
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Advances in Botanical Research
by J. Callow; December 2003; ISBN 0120059401
This book gives in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics in plant sciences. Currently in its 40th volume, the series features a wide range of reviews by recognized experts on all aspects of plant genetics, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, physiology and ecology.
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Advances in Ecological Research (Volume 33)
by Carlos Fernandez Garcia, Hal Caswell; January 2003; ISBN 0120139332
This book presents a wide range of papers on all aspects of ecology. Topics include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology.
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Advances in Marine Biology (Volume 44)
by Donald E. Canfield, Lee A. Fuiman (Editor), Paul A. Tyler (Editor); July 2003; ISBN 0120261448
Contains in-depth and up-to-date reviews on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, oceanography.
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Air Pollution Impacts on Crops & Forests
by Lisa Emberson, Frank Murray, and Mike Ashmore (Editors); October 2003; ISBN 186094292X
Air pollution is a problem affecting every part of our planet however, its global effects are poorly understood. This book provides the first truly global assessment of the scale of impacts of air pollution on crops and forests. The core of the book comprises assessments of the problem by experts from 12 different countries on every continent — describing the evidence of air pollution effects on crop yields and forest vitality with regard to environmental policies. These analyses are placed in the context of a global assessment of the scale of current and future air pollution levels, as well as in the socio-economic context of local production systems.
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Air Pollution, Global Change and Forests in the New Millenium (Developments in Environmental Science)
by D. F. Karnosky, K. E. Percy, A. H. Chappelka, C. Simpson, J. Pikkarainen, and A. H. Chapelka (Editors); November 2003; ISBN 0080443176
Text presents research papers providing an up to date summary of developments in scientific understanding, risk assessment, and policy application on the topic of global change and forests.
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Annual Editions: Environment 03/04
by John L. Allen (Editor); February 2003; ISBN 0072838515
This Annual Edition is a compilation of current articles from such sources as World Watch, Audobon, The Atlantic Monthly, and Scientific American. These selections explore the global environment, the world's population, energy, the biosphere, natural resources, and pollution.
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Applied Ecology and Natural Resource Management
by Guy R. McPherson and Stephen DeStefano; February 2003; ISBN 0521811279
This book provides practical guidelines for integrating applied ecology with natural resource management. Ecology as a science is discussed at the outset with subsequent chapters on specific topics regarding plant ecology and their impact on animals. These topics include the interactive relationships among organisms, community structure, vegetation succession, and techniques and applications relative both to ecology and management.
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The Atlas of US and Canadian Environmental History
by Char Miller (Editor); June 2003; ISBN 0415937817
While "atlas" is a misnomer, this is a highly useful volume. The seven chapters cover the exploitation of land, resources, and people that resulted in vast changes to both the landscape and the land use of a once pristine continent. Each one consists of a series of two-page signed essays focusing on a different period from the Columbian exchange through present-day environmental movements. The essays cover a wide variety of topics including industrialization, literary and artistic romanticism of nature, conservation, and contemporary globalization. Discussions always include both U.S. and Canadian aspects of the topic and often provide cross-references. Some visuals appear-color reproductions, photos, maps, graphs, or charts-as well as a short list of suggested additional reading. The nearly 20-page bibliography offers a wealth of choices for further research. An extensive time line is useful in placing events in historical context. This comprehensive work is an excellent resource and fills a gap on Canadian environmental history.
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Bioavailability, Toxicity and Risk Relationships in Ecosystems
by R. Naidu, V. V. S. R. Gupta, S. Rogers, R. S. Kookana, N. S. Bolan, D. Adriano, Joe Fleischer (Editors); May 2003; ISBN 1578081920
This collection investigates the role of bioavailability in determining the toxicity of metal contaminants in the ecosystem, and in turn its significance for risk assessment. The 12 contributions outline the fundamental principles and scope of bioavailability, characterize the soil, plant, and microbial processes that influence metal dynamics, and present case studies that demonstrate the impact of metals on terrestrial ecosystem and how bioavailability relates to regulatory and site assessment requirements. Topics include the absorption and translocation of chromium by plants, the interactions of heavy metals and algae, and groundwater arsenic contamination in West Bengal.
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Biophysical Ecology
by David M. Gates; July 2003; ISBN 0486428842
In its analytical interpretation of the ecological responses of plants and animals to their environments, this text draws upon studies of energy exchange, gas exchange, and chemical kinetics. The opening chapters discuss energy and energy budgets and their applications to plants and animals and define radiation laws and units. Succeeding chapters cover radiation, convection, conduction, and evaporation, and the book concludes with methods for the study of photosynthesis in plants and energy budgets in animals.
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Bringing Society Back In : Grassroots Ecosystem Management, Accountability, and Sustainable Communities
by Edward P. Weber; March 2003; ISBN 0262731517
Text seeks to establish a theoretical framework for exploring issues of policy performance and democratic accountability raised by GREM (Grassroots Ecosystems Management). Using case studies, the authors explore the mechanisms used to determine how accountability works. The book finds that by combining traditional and formal governance structures with informal institutions, GREM can be accountable to individuals, communities, surrounding regions, and the nation. The book also identifies conditions under which GREM is most likely to achieve democratic accountability. In addition, it investigates the connection between accountability and policy performance. The evidence suggests that GREM can produce environmental policy outcomes that are supportive not only of the environment and economy, but also of environmental sustainability.
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Changing Environments
by Dick Morris (Editor), Joanna Freeland (Editor), Steve Hinchliffe (Editor), Sandy Smith (Editor); May 2003; ISBN 0470849991
This book takes a broad, interdisciplinary approach to such questions as: Are we humans destroying the environments in which we live, or is environmental change inevitable and natural? How has the relationship between human societies and environments changed since pre-history? Will human population growth outpace the available resources of land and water? Is global warming and climate change already out of control? What can economic and political models tell us about international development? The authors draw on ideas from science, technology, social science and humanities to examine how and why environments change as a result of natural and human-mediated processes.
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Chemical Ecology of Plants
by Azim U. Mallik, U. Azim, et al. (Editors); February 2003; ISBN 3764365358
Allelochemicals play a great role in managed and natural ecosystems. Apart from plant growth. They also may influence nutrient dynamics, mycorrhizae, soil chemical characteristics, and microbial ecology. Synergistic action of various factors may better explain plant growth and distribution in natural systems. This book emphasizes the role of allelochemicals in shaping the structure of plant communities in a broader ecological perspective. There is a growing appreciation that population- and ecosystem-based approaches complement each other strongly, and in view of this the concept of allelopathy is now applied effectively to address ecosystem-level questions. The objective of this volume is to discuss the questions above to find out the effect of allelochemicals on structure and function of the ecosystem. Readers will gain a unique perspective on plant allelochemical research through a multifaceted approach to understanding the role of these compounds.
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Clean Water: An Introduction to Water Quality and Pollution Control
by Kenneth M. Vigil; May 2003; ISBN 0870714988
In straightforward language, the author provides a comprehensive introduction to the many scientific, regulatory, and geographic issues associated with water quality and water pollution control. The book summarizes the basic fundamentals of water chemistry and microbiology and outlines important water quality rules and regulations, all in concise, understandable prose. It describes the basic scientific principles behind water pollution control and the broader approach of addressing water pollution problems through watershed management. 
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Climate Change : Causes, Effects, and Solutions
by John T. Hardy; July 2003; ISBN 0470850183
This book addresses civilization’s most important environmental challenge: climate change. Burning of fossil fuels has greatly increased the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases, trapping more of the sun’s energy near the Earth’s surface. In response, our planet is warming at an unprecedented rate, and ecosystems are already changing.

Modern industrialized economies depend largely on the combustion of coal, oil and gas. However, if current greenhouse gas emission rates continue, altered temperature and precipitation patterns will seriously impact ecosystems and human welfare. Many nations have adopted policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but a comprehensive and effective international climate treaty remains part of a continuing debate.

This book is divided into three main sections: Climate Change: Past, Present, and Future; Ecological Effects of Climate Change; Human Dimensions of Climate Change. It presents an accurate account of what we do and do not know about climate change.

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Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites (Long-Term Ecological Research Network Series)
by David Greenland (Editor), Douglas G. Goodin (Editor), R. C. Smith (Editor), Samuel H. Barondes; June 2003; ISBN 0195150597
This volume presents the work that has been done and the understanding and database that have been developed by work on climate change done at all the LTER sites. Global climate change is a central issue facing the world, which is being worked on by a very large number of scientists across a wide range of fields. The LTER sites hold some of the best available data measuring long term impacts and changes in the environment, and the research done at these sites has not previously been made widely available to the broader climate change research community. This book should appeal reasonably widely outside the ecological community, and because it pulls together information from all 20 research sites, it should capture the interest of virtually the entire LTER research community.
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Coastal Conservation and Management: An Ecological Perspective (Conservation Biology)
by J. Pat Doody; January 2003; ISBN 1402072481
The book provides the reader with a synthesis of the range and variation of the main coastal formations and includes practical guidance on their management. The book discusses all the main coastal habitats of importance for nature conservation (saltmarsh, shingle, sand dune and seacliff) as well as combinations of these habitats (estuaries and other coastal wetlands). It offers a comprehensive picture of both the soft sedimentary formations and those which are more resilient.
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Contaminated Soils: From Soil-Chemical Interactions to Ecosystem Management
by Roman P. Lanno; August 2003; ISBN 1880611317
Ten papers from the September 1998 conference in Pellston, Michigan address different aspects of the ecological assessment paradigm. They discuss soil management, fate and transport of contaminants, and measures of bioavailability. Together the papers provide a unified framework representing all the steps of a complete risk assessment and the management of contaminated soils. The resulting summary should be useful to regulators and risk assessors. Contributors include scientists from North America and Europe.
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Contested Environments
by Nick Bingham, Andrew Blowers, and Chris Belshaw (Editors); July 2003; ISBN 0470850000
This book addresses the question of why environmental issues are so often controversial. It includes an examination of a wide range of specific disputes, such as those about GM crops, national parks, energy policy, water supply and international trade.
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Crop Ecology : Productivity and Management in Agricultural Systems
by R. S. Loomis and D. J. Connor; February 2003; ISBN 0521387760
This book is centered on the "production processes" of crops and pastures, photosynthesis, and use of water and nutrients in fields. It is unique in its combination of great breadth and depth in its treatment of production processes and systems problems. The approach is explanatory and integrative, with a firm basis in environmental physics, soils, physiology, and morphology, in contrast to descriptive or reductionist approaches.
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Deposit and Geoenvironmental Models for Resource Exploitation and Environmental Security
by Andrea G. Fabbri, Gabor Gaal, Richard B. McCammon, Eulalia Gili, Mohamed El Hedi Negra, and Peter W. Skelton (Editors); March 2003; ISBN 1402009909
This book presents 31 contributions written by researchers from the disciplines of geology, geophysics, geochemistry, remote sensing, economics, biology, mining engineering, resource analysis, mathematics, and statistics addressing recent results in geoenvironmental modeling as it relates to resource exploitation and environmental security. Essays are organized around four main themes: geoenvironmental models; GIS methods and techniques; assessment and resource management; and resource policies and sustainable development. The included CD-ROM presents pdf files of all color illustrations, although they are printed in b&w in the printed volume.
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Development and Perspectives of Landscape Ecology
by Olaf Bastian, Uta Steinhardt, Zev Naveh (Editors); March 2003; ISBN 1402009194
A distinguished group of German geoscientists, geographers, landscape ecologists, environmental scientists, and landscape management scholars address the major issues in contemporary German landscape ecology, a rapidly developing transdisciplinary science for the solution of environmental problems. Chapters include a description of German landscape ecology from its roots to the present; landscape structures and processes; landscape analysis, synthesis, and diagnosis; landscape change and monitoring; assessment; investigation methods and tools; and the application of landscape ecology.
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The Dictionary of Environmental Microbiology
by Linda Stezenbach and Marylynn Yates; April 2003; ISBN 0126680000
This dictionary not only defines terms used in environmental microbiology but also includes terms associated with molecular biology, historical figures in the field, and microorganisms of significance. The entries not only provide information that will assist in the study of environmental microbiology, but will also serve as a resource for nonscientists.
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Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water: Formation, Analysis, and Control
by Yuefeng F. Xie; August 2003; ISBN 1566769744
This introductory text focuses on knowledge that plant engineers, chemists, and students need in order to understand the formation and control of disinfection byproducts in drinking water. The text introduces all disinfection byproducts (DBPs) found in drinking water and reviews nomenclature, molecular structures, and regulations for DBP evaluation and monitoring. It covers topics including detection, analysis, and control of byproducts; basic chemistry of DBPs formation; inorganic DBPs, such as bromate and chlorite; techniques for lab analysis; and guidance for meeting Stage I and II disinfection byproduct rules.
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Ecological Agrarian: Agriculture's First Evolution in 10,000 Years
by J. Bishop Grewell and Clay J. Landry; June 2003; ISBN 1557532966
This book details how agriculture is moving from feeding a growing planet to feeding a planet with environmental concerns. It also explains how agriculture shaped history, and argues that we are entering an unprecedented era where the demands on, and the focus of, agriculture are changing.
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Ecological Aquaculture
by Barry A. Costa-Pierce (Editor); January 2003; ISBN 0632049618
The book provides information spanning a spectrum of activities from artisanal to high technology approaches to producing aquatic organisms in a balanced and environmentally-friendly way. A
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Ecological Economics: Principles and Applicatons
by Herman E. Daly and Joshua Farley; November 2003; ISBN 1559633123
This book is an introductory-level textbook for an emerging paradigm that addresses this fundamental flaw in conventional economics. It defines a revolutionary "transdiscipline" that incorporates insights from the biological, physical, and social sciences, and it offers a pedagogically complete examination of this exciting new field. The book provides students with a foundation in traditional neoclassical economic thought, but places that foundation within a new interdisciplinary framework that embraces the linkages among economic growth, environmental degradation, and social inequity.

Introducing the three core issues that are the focus of the new transdiscipline -- scale, distribution, and efficiency -- the book is guided by the fundamental question, often assumed but rarely spoken in traditional texts: What is really important to us? After explaining the key roles played by the earth’s biotic and abiotic resources in sustaining life, the text is then organized around the main fields in traditional economics: microeconomics, macroeconomics, and international economics. The book also takes an additional step of considering the policy implications of this line of thinking.

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Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration
by William J. Mitsch and Sven Erik Jorgensen; September 2003; ISBN 047133264X
Resistant to the idea that their topic matter could be considered two separate fields, the authors describe processes of ecological engineering and ecosystem management. In their introductory chapters they provide definitions, examine classifications, and present design principles. Next, in what they describe as the "heart and soul" of the book, they present applications related to lake and reservoir restoration, wetland creation, river restoration, coastal restoration, treatment wetlands, bioremediation, and mine and disturbed land restoration. They conclude with a discussion of an essential tool in their eyes, ecological modeling.
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Ecological Engineering: Principles and Practice
by Patrick C. Kangas; September 2003; ISBN 1566705991
This book provides an introduction to the field of ecological engineering. Discusses ecosystems and how they can be engineered to solve various environmental problems.
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Ecological Informatics
by Friedrich Recknagel (Editor); February 2003; ISBN 3540434550
This book is defined as design and application of computational techniques for ecological analysis, synthesis, forecasting and management. It introduces to the scope, concepts and techniques of this newly emerging discipline and it provides numerous applications of Ecological Informatics for stream systems, river systems, freshwater lakes and marine systems as well as image recognition at micro and macro scale.
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Ecological Security: An Evolutionary Perspecative on Globalization
by Dennis Clark Pirages and Theresa Manley Degeest; August 2003; ISBN 084769500X
The turn of the millennium is witnessing a rapid and fundamental change in relations among people and between them and nature, suggest the authors; and traditional theories of international relations are inadequate for predicting the impact of such technological, economic, environmental, and cultural changes. They argue that their "eco-evolutionary perspective," which sees the development and diffusion of new technologies as the primary factor transforming socioeconomic relations and demographic and ecological change as important secondary factors, is the best way to theorize issues of security. Turning away from traditional military understandings of security, they contend that ecological wisdom and evolutionary processes must be moved to the core of strategic thinking about security.
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Ecology and Control of Introduced Plants
by Judith H. Myers and Dawn Bazely; May 2003; ISBN 0521357780
This book focuses on introduced plant species: their origins and impacts on native vegetation and ecosystems as well as the potential for their control. It includes practical explanations, case studies and an introduction to basic techniques for evaluating the impacts of invasive plants.
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Ecology from Ecosystem to Biosphere
by Christian Leveque (Editor); October 2003; ISBN 1578082943
The book introduces the methodological and conceptual paradigms of scientific ecosystems ecology, incorporating lessons from the fields of the life sciences and the earth sciences. The material is presented with an emphasis on ecosystems ecology as an operational environmental science with a strong human dimension (an "anthroposystem science"). The book moves from discussion of the structures and organization of ecosystems, through explorations of the functioning of ecosystems, to a presentation of his concept of global ecology.
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Ecology of Aquatic Management
by Chris Frid and Mike Dobson; June 2003; ISBN 0130866105
Sustainable management of ecosystems is a key issue in ecology and environmental science and aquatic ecosystems are high on international priorities for conservation. This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the exploitation and management of marine and freshwater systems from an ecological perspective. The book explores current exploitation practices in 2002, discusses the underlying scientific principles, and provides case studies and references to enable students to study individual topics in more depth. Part One covers water itself as a resource, and the ecological impacts of human exploitation of water. Part Two considers aquatic organisms as exploitable components of the environment and discusses sustainability issues in harvesting and farming (or culturing) them. Part Three looks at exploitation of the aquatic environment for waste disposal, mineral extraction and recreation. Finally, Part Four provides a synthesis of the various impacts and considers effective management strategies.
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Ecology of Humic Substances in Freshwaters: Determinants from Geochemistry to Ecological Niches
by Christian E. W. Steinberg; May 2003; ISBN 3540439226
Humic substances color all waters more or less brown. Their concentrations exceed all carbon of living organisms by at least one order of magnitude. Opposite to former paradigms, they participate in almost any metabolic pathway. They protect against UV-irradiation, enable indirect photolysis and, thus, purify hazardous chemicals. They provide inorganic and organic nutrients and may form cryptic genes with DNA and dampen metabolic fluctuations. More recently, they've been found to increase the adverse effects of hazardous chemicals and directly interfere with organisms. This book tries to relate these effects to the structural features of humic substances.
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The Ecology of Soil Decomposition
by Sina M. Adl; November 2003; ISBN 0851996612
This book describes trophic interactions between species that carry out the decomposition of organic matter in the soil. Key topics include functional groups, spatial stratification, succession patterns over time, and the roles of bacteria, protists, fungi, and micro-invertebrates. The significance of species diversity in functional groups is emphasized. Material is arranged in chapters on the saprotrophs, habitat, sampling and enumeration, reconstructing the soil food web, spatial and temporal patterns, and integrating the food web. Summaries and suggested further reading lists conclude each chapter.
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Ecology of Streams and Rivers
by Eugene Angelier; January 2003; ISBN 1578082560
The author argues that the two primary ecological factors determining the life of organisms in running water are hydraulics (current and flow) and the transit time of nutrients and pollutants, which are also the two factors most likely to be modified by human activity. He explores the operation of these and other ecological factors and explains the impact of watercourse development, eutrophication, and toxic pollution.
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Eco-Phenomenology: Back to the Earth Itself (Suny Series in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics)
by Charles S. Brown (Editor), Ted Toadvine (Editor); February 2003; ISBN 0791456218
This collection explores the intersection of phenomenology with environmental philosophy. It examines the relevance for thinking through the philosophical dilemmas raised by environmental issues, and then proposes new phenomenological approaches to the natural world. Calling for a reexamination of beliefs central to the Western philosophical tradition, this book shifts previously marginalized environmental concerns to the forefront and blazes a trail for a new collaboration between phenomenologists and ecologically-minded theorists.
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Elements of Ecology (5th Edition)
by Robert Leo Smith, T. M. Smith, Bert M. Atsma; January 2003; ISBN 080534473X
This fifth edition of an introductory text has been updated to emphasize the physical environment, global environmental change, and the interdependent nature of features of the environment and species adaptations. There are two new chapters on landscape ecology and biogeography and biodiversity. Accompanying the text is a separate booklet of Web sites, sources of equipment, media companies, and career information for environmental activism.
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The Encyclopedia of Human Ecology (2 vol. set)
by Julia R. Miller, Richard M. Lerner, Lawrence B. Schiamberg, and Pamela M. Anderson (Editors); August 2003; ISBN 1576078523
This encyclopedia blends disciplines such as biology, nutrition, psychology, sociology, anthropology, family, and environmental science. Readers will gain an understanding of the interdependence of humans with their environment as they research such topics as gambling, parenting, tobacco, elder abuse, clothing design, stress, "Air Quality," and "Catholic Schooling." Biographies of significant social scientists and psychologists are included in the alphabetical arrangement. The authoritative, scholarly articles provide more in-depth information than a general encyclopedia. Throughout the set, issues of race, gender, age, and ethnicity are addressed. Subheadings help readers locate information within each entry. Volume two has an extensive index.
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Encyclopedia of World Environmental History
by Shepard Krech III, J.R. McNeill, Carolyn Merchant (Editors); October 2003; ISBN 0415937353
Aimed at a broad audience of students, scholars, professionals, and general readers, this reference work contains 520 signed articles providing current, comprehensive coverage of environmental history from ancient times to the present. The well-written, alphabetically arranged articles range in length from one column to multiple pages. Interdisciplinary and cross-cultural in approach, the encyclopedia covers a broad range of general topics, including arts, literature, biomes, climate, natural events, economic systems, energy, ancient civilizations, exploitation, philosophies, law, people, plants, animals, nonliving resources, places, religion, technology, and science.

The text is augmented by 20 maps and more than 100 photographs. Some 115 sidebars provide engaging supplemental material, including extracts from historical documents, firsthand accounts, ethnographic accounts, environmental literature, poetry, and religious traditions. Suggestions for further reading accompany each article. 

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by Peter H. Raven and Linda R. Berg; April 2003; ISBN 0471444529
A beautifully illustrated, introductory textbook in environmental science that explains the basic ecological principles which govern the natural world and considers the many ways in which humans affect the environment. It acquaints undergraduate students, both science and non-science majors, with current environmental issues, and examines in detail the effects of human activities including overpopulation, energy production and consumption, depletion of natural resources, and pollution. 
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Environment Across Cultures (Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment)
by E. Ehlers and C. F. Gethmann (Editors); December 2003; ISBN 3540403841
Text discusses a wide range of factors influencing environment across cultures with a view to identifying ways and means to better understand, reflect, and manage such disparities.
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Environment and Society: Human Perspectives on Environmental Issues, Third Edition
by Charles L. Harper; July 2003; ISBN 0131113410
This text looks at the connections between human societies, ecosystems and the geophysical environment. While the perspective is mostly sociological, coverage is specifically designed to be relevant to a wide range of readers and to encompass viewpoints from an assortment of disciplines.
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Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Management Activities
by R. E. Hester and R. M. Harrison (Editors); January 2003; ISBN 0854042857
Solid waste management issues are a highly emotive topic. Disposal costs need to be balanced against environmental impact, which often results in heated public debate. Disposal options such as incineration and landfill, whilst unpopular with both the public and environmental pressure groups, do not pose the same environmental and health risks as, for example, recycling plants. This book discusses the various waste disposal options that are available (landfill, incineration, composting, recycling) and then reviews their impact on the environment, and particularly on human health.
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Environmental Engineering (5th Edition)
by Joseph A. Salvato, Nelson L. Nemerow, and Franklin J. Agardy; March 2003; ISBN 0471418137
This edition has been updated to cover new laws and standards, including Federal Safe Drinking Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Clean Air Act of 1990. It applies sanitation and engineering theory and principles to environmental control in urban, suburban and rural communities. Engineering design, construction, operation and maintenance details are provided throughout as they relate to plants and structures. Topics include: disease control, water supply, wastewater treatment and disposal, air pollution and noise control, radiation uses and protection, recreation areas, solid waste management and much more.
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Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions
by Michael L. McKinney and Robert M. Schoch; January 2003; ISBN 0763709182
This textbook offers an overview of environmental problems and their available solutions. It assesses the current state of the planet, emphasizing the role of human society in global systems. Firm scientific principles are thus brought to bear on the concept of sustainability.
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Essentials of Ecology
by G. Tyler Miller, Jack Carey, Ann Caven, and Tyler G. Miller; January 2003; ISBN 0534398103
A succinct, 11-chapter introduction, this book uses clear, straightforward language and provides the scientific foundation necessary to understand ecological issues. It covers scientific principles and concepts, ecosystems, evolution and biodiversity, biogeography, aquatic ecology, community ecology, population dynamics, and geology, as well as human population growth and demography. The book has been designed to be flexible and adaptable for almost any approach. With fair and balanced coverage and Internet tools integrated throughout, the book features an extensively developed art program and the most current coverage of the subject.
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Forest Ecology (3rd Edition)
by James P. Kimmins; August 2003; ISBN 0130662585
This management-driven, comprehensive book on ecosystem ecology covers the entire field, linking conventional ecosystem-level forest ecology to forest management. It features ecological site classification, ecosystem modeling, and strong sections on ecological diversity and the physical environment. It provides a comprehensive treatment of forestry issues; as well as excellent coverage of ecosystem management, landscape management, natural disturbances and their emulation. 
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GIS for Water Resources and Watershed Management
by John Lyon; August 2003; ISBN 0415286077
The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems, is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modelling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. The book explains the fundamentals of this field, demonstrates new approaches, techniques and methods, and provides examples of real applications. It also presents the basic concepts, and shows how to acquire the critical information needed to plan and implement GIS studies, and develop practical solutions for environmental management and problem solving.
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Handbook of Scaling Methods in Aquatic Ecology: Measurement, Analysis, Simulation
by Laurent Seuront and Peter G. Strutton (Editors); September 2003; ISBN 0849313449
The evolution of observational instruments, simulation techniques, and computing power has given aquatic scientists a new understanding of biological and physical processes that span temporal and spatial scales. This has created a need for a single volume that addresses concepts of scale in a manner that builds bridges between experimentalists and theoreticians in aquatic ecology. This handbook is the first comprehensive compilation of modern scaling methods used in marine and freshwater ecological research. Written by leading researchers, it presents a systematic approach to dealing with space and time in aquatic ecology. This is a compendium that analyzes themes related to the response or behavior of organisms to processes occurring over multiple spatial and temporal scales. This book covers novel techniques for data collection, focusing on processes over a broad range of scales (from bacteria to ocean basins); newly-developed concepts and data analysis algorithms; and innovative computer models and simulations to mimic complex biological processes. It also serves as a reference volume for investigators seeking insight into new experimental approaches and data analysis, as well as the sensor design required for optimal sampling. Many of the algorithms and models provided are directly applicable to your experimental data. This comprehensive treatment of scaling methods and applications can help foster a unified understanding of subject matter among the modeling, experimental, and field research communities.
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Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations
by Frank R. Spellman; June 2003; ISBN 1566706270
Water and wastewater treatment plant operators must have a breadth of knowledge that encompasses more than scientific theory. They need to be generalists with knowledge bridging several scientific, academic, and engineering disciplines. This book is the first complete resource manual exclusively for water and wastewater plant operators. It is a thorough compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends. The manual examines numerous real-world operating scenarios, including the intake of raw sewage and the treatment of water via residual management. Each scenario includes a comprehensive problem-solving practice set, which enables readers to integrate relevant math with theory and practical applications. The systematic layout of this hands-on technical aid accelerates the learning of both current and future plant operators.
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Insect Pest Management and Ecological Research
by G. H. Walter; April 2003; ISBN 0521800625
This study shows how to navigate the diversity of options presented in current ecological theory by developing the first general model of the entomological research requirements of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The book includes practical advice on understanding and investigating species; examines the ecological problems associated with polyphagous pests and beneficial species; and scrutinizes ways suggested to improve insect biological control. It is an important resource for graduate students and researchers in IPM, insect pest management, entomology, ecology and crop protection.
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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Environmental Science & Technology
by McGraw-Hill Companies; June 2003; ISBN 0071421777
This volume serves the needs of anyone seeking definitions of words and phrases in environmental science and technology.
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Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective (4th Edition)
by Ann McElroy and Patricia K. Townsend; July 2003; ISBN 0813338212
The newest edition of the premier teaching text in medical anthropology is thoroughly revised to reflect new developments in the field. Widespread awareness of emerging infectious diseases and global environmental change makes the ecological perspective of the text even more relevant to students than when it was first published. This edition integrates biocultural, environmental, and evolutionary approaches to the study of human health. Research by human biologists and paleopathologists illuminates the history and prehistory of disease, while the work of cultural and applied anthropologists addresses contemporary health issues. This edition includes increased coverage of emerging diseases, evolutionary medicine, the homeless, health disparities, and forensic anthropology. New chapters treat reproduction and careers in applied medical anthropology. New "Profiles" (case studies) on stress and toxic chemicals have been added and other profiles have been updated, further augmenting the classroom-friendly features the book is noted for.
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Multivariate Statistics for the Environmental Sciences
by Peter J. A. Shaw; April 2003; ISBN 0340807636
This book introduces the most commonly used techniques for dealing with multivariate data; the sort of multi-species multi-chemical data sets that are routinely encountered in environmental investigations.
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Principles of Environmental Economics (2nd Edition)
by Ahmed M. Hussen; July 2003; ISBN 0415275598
This popular textbook returns in a fully revised and updated new edition. The first edition was the first introductory textbook in environmental economics that truly attempted to integrate economics with not only the environment but also ecology. This new version builds and improves upon the popular formula with new examples, new pedagogical features and new questions for discussion.
With the US refusing to ratify the Kyoto agreement, environmental economics is as important now as it has ever been. 
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Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy
by Edward A. Parson; February 2003; ISBN 0195155491
This book is the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer, the greatest success yet achieved in managing human impacts on the global environment. Its arguments about how this success was achieved are both theoretically novel and of great significance for the management of other global problems, particularly global climate change. The book provides an account of the ozone-depletion issues from the first attempts to develop international action in the 1970s to the mature functioning of the present international regime. It examines the parallel developments of politics and negotiations, scientific understanding and controversy, technological progress, and industry strategy that shaped the issue's development and its effective management. In addition, the book offers important new insights into how the interactions among these domains influenced the formation and adaptation of the ozone regime. Addressing the initial formation of the regime, the book argues that authoritative scientific assessments were crucial in constraining policy debates and shaping negotiated agreements. Assessments gave scientific claims an ability to change policy actors' behavior that the claims themselves, however well known and verified, lacked. Concerning subsequent adaptation of the regime, the book identifies a series of feedbacks between the periodic revision of chemical controls and the strategic responses of affected industries, which drove rapid application of new approaches to reduce ozone-depleting chemicals. These feedbacks, promoted by the regime's novel technology assessment process, allowed worldwide use of the chemicals to decline further and faster than even the boldest predictions, by nearly 95 percent within ten years.
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Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 177
by George W. Ware (Editor); February 2003; ISBN 0387002146
This volume attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy, and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.
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Understanding Environmental Issues
by Steve Hinchliffe, Andrew Blowers, and Joanna Freeland (Editors); March 2003; ISBN 0470849983
Blending insights from science, social science, arts and technology, this book takes a unique and groundbreaking approach to environmental questions. By introducing a set of themes and analytical tools, readers will be able to approach a range of environmental questions with important insights which will allow them to make reasoned and informed arguments.
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Win-Win Ecology: How The Earth's Species Can Survive In The Midst of Human Enterprise
by Michael L. Rosenzweig; April 2003; ISBN 0195156048
As humanity presses down inexorably on the natural world, people debate the extent to which we can save the Earth's millions of different species without sacrificing human economic welfare. But is this argument wise? Must the human and natural worlds be adversaries? In this book, the author finds that ecological science actually rejects such polarization. Instead it suggests that, to be successful, conservation must discover how we can blend a rich natural world into the world of economic activity. This revolutionary, common ground between development and conservation is called reconciliation ecology, creating and maintaining species-friendly habitats in the very places where people live, work, or play. The book offers many inspiring examples of the good results already achieved. The book shows that reconciliation ecology is the missing tool of conservation, the practical, scientifically based approach that, when added to the rest, will solve the problem of preserving Earth's species.
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World Agriculture and the Environment : A Commodity-by-Commodity Guide to Impacts and Practices
by Jason Clay; June 2003; ISBN 1559633670
This book presents a unique assessment of agricultural commodity production and the environmental problems it causes, along with prescriptions for increasing efficiency and reducing damage to natural systems. Drawing on his extensive travel and research in agricultural regions around the world, and employing statistics from a range of authoritative sources including the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the author examines twenty of the world?s major crops, including beef, coffee, corn, rice, rubber, shrimp, sorghum, tea, and tobacco. For each crop, he offers comparative information. With maps of major commodity production areas worldwide, the book represents the first truly global portrait of agricultural production patterns and environmental impacts.
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Federalism in the Forest: National Versus State Natural Resource Policy
by Tomas M. Koontz; Georgetown University Press; August 2002; ISBN 0878403744
An Ohio State University researcher says in his new book on government forest issues that the Bush Administration’s call for reducing the restrictions on logging in national forests counters nearly 30 years worth of federal policy and that changing such policies could have serious ramifications on environmental protection measures and citizen input on decisions that affect the 191 million acres of U.S. national forests. (See news release.)
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Global Warming - Understanding the Debate
by Kenneth Green; Enslow Publishers Inc.; November 2002; ISBN 0766016919
Kenneth Green, chief scientist and director of Fraser Institute's Risk and Environment Centre, explores the complex issue of global warming for young readers in grade six and above, telling how researchers measure the earth’s temperature and compare it with temperatures from centuries ago. This 128-page book is part of Enslow Publishers' K-12 nonfiction library book series titled "Issues in Focus."
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The Precautionary Principle in the 20th Century: Late Lessons from Early Warnings
by David Gee, Brian Wynne, Andy Stirling, and Malcolm Macgarvin, Editors; March 2002; ISBN 1853838934
The "precautionary principle" is widely seen as fundamental to successful policies for sustainability. It has been cited in international courts and trade disputes between the USA and the EU, and invoked in a growing range of political debates. Understanding what it can and cannot achieve is therefore crucial. This volume looks back over the last century to examine the role the "principle" played or could have played, in a range of major and avoidable public disasters. From detailed investigation of how each disaster unfolded, what the impacts were and what measures were adopted, the authors draw lessons and establish criteria that could help to minimize the health and environmental risks of future technological, economic and policy innovations. This is an informative resource for all those from lawyers and policy-makers, to researchers and students needing to understand or apply the "principle."
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Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment (Environmental and Ecological Risk Assessment)
edited by Michael C. Newman, Morris H. Roberts, Jr., and Robert C. Hale; September 2001; ISBN 1566705568
Risk assessment is the cornerstone of contemporary environmental protection. Questions such as: what might be the impacts of the new synthetic chemicals, what problems might arise from the normal operations of industry, what are the chances of accidental releases and how will they impact the environment, are addressed. Understanding and assessing these risks is essential to sound environmental policy and management. The first book to address the application of the current National Research Council (NRC) risk assessment paradigm to the coastal marine environment, it covers topics that range from pollutants of emerging concern to bioavailability and bioaccumulation at the suborganismal through landscape levels. It explores the necessary applications for modifying the NRC paradigm and presents a series of steps to actually accomplish an effective assessment using the modified paradigm. This book highlights the logical framework for assessing causation, and measurement of toxicant fate and effect. The chapter authors bring together experiences from academia, private consultants, and government agencies, resulting in a rich mixture of experience and insights. Exploring the science of exposure, effect, and risk in coastal and estuarine environments, Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment gives you a building block approach to the fundamental components of risk assessment.
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Ecosystem Change and Public Health : A Global Perspective
edited by Joan L., Ph.D. Aron and  Jonathan Patz; June 2001; ISBN 0801865816
This book focuses on how human health is affected by global ecosystem changes. It is the first textbook devoted to this emerging field, offering a global perspective on research methods and emphasizing empirical investigations of health outcomes in combination with integrated assessment for policy development. The book covers such topics as global climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, water resources management, and ecology and infectious disease.
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Environmental Risk Analysis
by Evan K. Paleologos and Ian Lerche; March 2001; ISBN 0071372660
For the first time, those charged with analyzing environmental risk have a detailed roadmap to help them work more efficiently and effectively. This book is an extraordinary toolkit, packed with timesaving strategies, expert techniques, and step-by-step guidance for better and faster planning. It provides tables, graphs, and formulas for risk analysis and risk management strategies and explains complex statistical techniques in clear, basic terms.
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Global Environmental Risk (part of the Risk, Society, and Policy Series)
edited by Jeanne X. Kasperson and Roger E. Kasperson; September 2001; ISBN 1853838012
Despite international initiatives such as the Earth Summit in 1992 and ongoing efforts to implement the Kyoto Protocol, human activities continue to register a destructive toll on the planetary environment. At root, research on global environmental risk seeks new pathways for reversing unsustainable trends, curtailing ongoing destructive activities, and creating a life-sustaining planet. This book takes stock of the distinctive challenges posed by global environmental risks, the capacity of knowledge systems to identify and characterize such risks, and the competence of human society to manage the unprecedented complexity. Particular attention trains on engaging, in ways conducive to enhancing social learning and adaptation, the large uncertainties inherent in these risks.

Various chapters enlist different scales of analysis to explore the manifestation and causes of global environmental risks in all the diversity of their regional expression. Throughout, the editors and contributors accord prominence to the vulnerability of people and places to environmental degradation. Understanding vulnerability is a neglected key to assessing the nature of the risks and determining strategies for altering trajectories of threat. Global risk futures, the editors argue, are not intractable, and are still amenable to a risk-analysis enterprise that is democratic in principle, humanistic in concept, and geared to the realities that pertain to the particular societies, locales, and regions that will ultimately bear the risk.

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Improving Regulation : Cases in Environment, Health, and Safety
edited by Paul S. Fischbeck, R. Scott Farrow, Paul Fishbeck; June 2001; ISBN 1891853104
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Mathematical Methods of Environmental Risk Modeling
by Douglas J. Crawford-Brown; June 2001; ISBN 0792373928
This book provides a working introduction to both the general mathematical methods and specific models used for human health risk assessment. Rather than being purely an applied math book, this book focuses on methods and models that students and professionals are likely to encounter in practice. Examples are given from exposure assessment, pharmacokinetic modeling, and dose-response modeling.
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The 23rd Cycle: Learning to Live With a Stormy Star
by Sten F. Odenwald; February 2001; ISBN 0231120788
With the Sun about halfway through its 23rd sunspot cycle since the 18th century, there is a chance that solar flares and coronal mass ejections (giant bubbles of hot gas erupting from the Sun) will affect the Earth's atmosphere and magnetic field during the next few years. Though the effects might be limited to relatively benign auroras in remote regions, there is a small probability that sufficiently powerful solar outbursts could permanently disable communications satellites and black out entire regions of the global electrical power grid. Such disruptions are so infrequent that most satellite owners and electrical utilities have opted not to invest in protective technology, but if they do occur the economic consequences could be severe. This book presents an interesting explanation of this phenomenon.
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And No Birds Sing: Rhetorical Analyses of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring
by Craig Waddell; March 2000; ISBN 0809322188
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The Chemistry of Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Composition and Measurement, Second Edition
by R. A. Jenkins, Michael R. Guerin, and B. A. Tomkins; March 2000; ISBN 1566705096
The book discusses the chemical composition of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), measurement methods, and competing sources of indoor air contaminants commonly attributed to ETS. The second edition reflects the use of multiple markers of ETS to describe indoor air concentrations more accurately, and a shift in research from studies that use area sampling to measure a few selected indoor environments to larger studies that measure personal ETS exposure of randomly chosen subjects.
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Ecological Risk Assessment for Contaminated Sites
by Glenn W. Suter II, Rebecca Efroymson, Bradley Sample, Daniel S. Jones; CRC Press; April 2000; ISBN 1566705258
A sequel to the best-selling “Ecological Risk Assessment,” this book focuses on how to perform ecological risk assessments for Superfund sites and locations contaminated by improper disposal of wastes, or chemical spills. It integrates the authors' extensive experience in assessing ecological risks at U.S. government sites with techniques and examples from assessments performed by others.
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Ecological Risk Evaluation of Polluted Soils 
by Jean-Louis Riviere; Science Publishers Inc. ; April 2000; ISBN 1578081246
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Ecological Risk Management: A Framework for and Approaches to Ecological Risk-Based Decision Making 
by Ralph G. Stahl; Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry; June 2000; ISBN 1880611260
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The Environmental Case for Nuclear Power
by Robert C. Morris; May 2000; ISBN 1557787808
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Environmental Risk Management (Business & Environment Practitioner Series)
by Paul Pritchard; June 2000; ISBN 1853835986
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Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants: Science and Regulation
by the Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants, National Research Council; July 2000; ISBN 0309069300
This book explores the risks and benefits of crops that are genetically modified for pest resistance, the urgency of establishing an appropriate regulatory framework for these products, and the importance of public understanding of the issues. The committee critically reviews federal policies toward transgenic products, the 1986 coordinated framework among the key federal agencies in the field, and rules proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency for regulation of plant pesticides. 
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Mapping Wildfire Hazards and Risks
by R. Neil Sampson (Editor), R. Dwight Atkinson (Editor), Joe W Lewis (Editor); September 2000; ISBN 1560220716
Compiles a number of perspectives on using a geographical information system to help determine the risks of wildfires and the benefits of controlled burns. Contributors, most from US and state government agencies, describe such procedures as indexing resource data for forest health, indexing Colorado watersheds, modeling biotic habitat high risk areas, assessing potential wildfire effects on people, and a wildfire and emissions policy model for the Boise National Forest. The 13 articles are also published as the Journal of Sustainable Forestry vol. 11, nos. 1/2 (2000).
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Methods for Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants: III, Ecological Risks and Prospects of Transgenic Plants, Where Do We Go from Here
by Klaus Ammann, et al. Editors; January 2000; ISBN 081765917X
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Multiple Stressors in Ecological Risk and Impact Assessments: Approaches to Risk Estimation (SETAC Special Publications Series)
by Susan A. Ferenc (Editor), Jeffery Allen Foran (Editor); June 2000; ISBN 1880611406
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The Natural and the Social: Uncertainty, Risk, Change
by Steve Hinchcliffe, Kath Woodward, and Roth Woodward (Editors); June 2000; ISBN 0415222907
This book draws on insights from across the social sciences from psychology, economics and geography as well as sociology to examine the changing character of society and nature. 
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Natural Remediation of Environmental Contaminants: Its Role in Ecological Risk Assessment and Risk Management (SETAC General Publication Series)
by Charles Michael Swindoll and Ralph G. Stahl (Editors); November 2000; ISBN 1880611333
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Risk in the Modern Age: Social Theory, Science, and Environmental Decision-Making
by Maurie J. Cohen, Editor; May 2000; ISBN 0312222165
From a June-July 1997 workshop at Oxford, England, environmental sociologists look at the processes by which official experts and the general population come up with very different decisions about risk in such areas as nuclear power, genetic testing, food safety, and biodiversity. They explore the role of increasing individualization, emerging new social movements, and the declining public trust in public institutions. They hope to demonstrate the practical value of both the empirical American and theoretical European schools of the new discipline.
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Risk, Regulatory, and Monitoring Considerations: The Second International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds
by Godage B. Wickramanayake, Arun R. Gavaskar, and Mark Kelley, Editors; June 2000; ISBN 1574770950
This is one volume of a seven-volume set of proceedings from a May 2000 conference attended by environmental remediation professionals from around the world. It deals with the challenges of making decisions about treatment options and also about long-term monitoring to verify that cleanup goals have been met. Fifty-one contributions offer advice based on case studies, on regulatory perspectives and decision-making tools; resource allocation and cost considerations; advances in site characterization; environmental data management, geostatistics, and GIS; analytical and detection techniques; risk based analyses for remediation; human health/ecological risk assessment; and innovative monitoring and control systems.
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Soil and Groundwater Pollution: Fundamentals, Risk Assessment and Legislation (Soil and Environment)
by Alexander J. B. Zehnder, Editor; August 2000; ISBN 0792337433
This publication focuses on soil and groundwater pollution in Central and Eastern Europe. In order to promote a successful implementation of protection and remedial measures, this book takes, besides scientific, legal and risk issues into account. The publication is addressed to scientists, engineers, lawyers, people from authorities and private enterprises to promote discussions on developments in legislation, in remediation and prevention measures against soil and groundwater pollution, and to make recommendations for future developments in technology, science and regulations. 
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Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment for Wetlands
by Pellston Workshop on Ecotoxicology and Risk Assessment for Wetlands; June 1999; ISBN 1880611163
This volume presents the proceedings of a major workshop on the ecological functions of wetlands in the environment landscapes and includes case studies on the impact of contaminants on freshwater wetlands, an ecological risk assessment of wetlands, and an ecotoxicological risk assessment of urban and agricultural runoff effects on grass shrimp.  Additional topics covered include biogeochemical processes, contaminant fate and effects in coastal and estuarine wetlands, and constructed wetlands as a risk mitigation alternative. The workshop was designed to meet the scientific and regulatory need for current information describing ecotoxicology and risk assessment for wetlands. Professionals from government, industry, and academia were selected to participate based on their expertise on the specific topic to be considered. These workshops have provided an excellent forum for stimulation and exchange of ideas on the technical and scientific issues underlying chemical fate and effects in the environment and overall hazard assessments of chemicals in ecosystems. The organizers and participants of this workshop hope that the current proceedings will be as useful as the previous workshop proceedings to scientists, engineers, and decision-makers concerned with maintaining and reducing the loss of the nation's wetland resources. Although the organization and objectives of this workshop were similar to earlier workshops, this is the first workshop to deal primarily with the environmental aspects of an ecosystem rather than with a discrete environmental problem. 
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Environmental Assessment in Practice
by D. Owen Harrop, J. Ashley Nixon; January 1999; ISBN 0415156904
This text explains what constitutes good practice in applying environmental assessment as an environmental management tool. A wide range of case studies and other student text features are employed to demonstrate how the different methods, techniques and disciplines of environmental assessment can be used. The authors address the key concepts for environmental assessment procedures: methods for using E.A.; techniques for impact prediction and evaluation; environmental risk assessment; EA consultation and participation; project management; environmental statement review and post-project analysis; and strategic environmental assessment. Worldwide case studies include gas pipelines, hydroelectric power plants, gold mining, river crossings, waste-to-energy plants and gravel extraction in England, Scotland, Ireland, Canada, the USA, Venezuela, the Netherlands, Iceland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Ghana. 
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Environmental Cancer: A Political Disease? 
by S. Robert Lichter, Stanley Rothman; February 1999; ISBN 0300076347
In this provocative book, the authors investigate the reliability of mass media reports on environmental cancer. They find that newspaper and television accounts often cite the views of environmental activists as if they were the views of the scientific community, despite sharp differences between the two groups. Misplaced fears about the risks of environmental cancer, caution the authors, distort public policy and priorities.
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Environmental Law Handbook, Fifteenth Edition
edited by Thomas F.P. Sullivan; 1999; ISBN: 0865876509
Written by 15 nationally recognized environmental law experts, this new edition maintains the first edition's original goal to provide users with reliable, accurate, and practical compliance information by addressing all changes made to the laws in the past two years.
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Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants: Science and Regulation
by the Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants, National Research Council; July 2000; ISBN 0309069300
This book explores the risks and benefits of crops that are genetically modified for pest resistance, the urgency of establishing an appropriate regulatory framework for these products, and the importance of public understanding of the issues. The committee critically reviews federal policies toward transgenic products, the 1986 coordinated framework among the key federal agencies in the field, and rules proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency for regulation of plant pesticides. 
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Protecting Public Health & the Environment: Implementing the Precautionary Principle
edited by Carolyn Raffensperger, Joel Tickner, Wes Jackson; June 1999; ISBN 1559636882
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Tools to Aid Environmental Decision Making
edited by Virginia H. Dale, Mary R. English; February 1999; ISBN 0387985557 
Identifies and presents tools to environmental decision makers to help them improve the quality and clarity of environmental risk, policy, economics, and law. Softcover. DLC: Environmental policy--Decision making-Methodology. 
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What Environmental Managers Really Need to Know
by David J. Schell; June 1999; ISBN 0865876614
Written for both new and experienced environmental, human resources, and risk management professionals, this book provides readers with the critical information and resources they need to understand and succeed in their new roles.
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Air Quality, Third Edition
by Thaddeus Godish; January 1998; ISBN 1-56670-231-3
While earlier editions of this best-selling work have become standard texts for students and professionals alike, both the science and the practice of air quality management continue to evolve. Air Quality, Third Edition includes all the new issues and challenges, as well as updated coverage of all the familiar concerns of environmental professionals. This is a complete overview of the topic, written in an accessible, highly readable style by a respected expert in the field.
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Chemical Sensitivity: The Truth About Environmental Illness
by Stephen J. Barrett, Ronald E. Gots; April 1998; ISBN 1573921955
Chemical sensitivity describes people with numerous troubling symptoms attributed to environmental factors. Many such individuals are seeking special accommodations or seeking recompense for their discomfort. This book examines this phenomenon in depth and the scientific, legal, ethical, and political issues that surround it.  Conditions covered include  ultiple chemical sensitivity (MCS),
sick-building syndrome, diet and hyperactivity, mercury-amalgam toxicity, Candidiasis hypersensitivity, the Gulf War syndrome, and others.
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Chlorinated Organic Compounds in the Environment: Regulatory and Monitoring Assessment
by Sub Ramamoorthy and Sita Ramamoorthy; January 1998; ISBN: 1-56670-041-8
This book provides up-to-date information on chlorinated organics in the environment that can be used in monitoring, impact assessment, and decision-making processes. The text will allow readers to predict the potential for organic contamination as well as the critical medium of exposure to the health of the ecosystem and humans. Toxicity profiles provided for each chemical allow for evaluation of the short- and long-term effects on the environment. Discussions of environmental residues and pertinent worldwide regulations help readers compare chloroorganic contamination in different areas and analyze the associated regulatory approaches.
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Environmental Compliance Made Easy: A Checklist Approach for Industry
by André R. Cooper, Sr.; 1998; ISBN: 0865875995
Companies must comply with thousands of pages of federal environmental regulation. Such a task often proves quite challenging, even for the most experienced environmental professionals. This book offers everything those professionals need in a simple, easy-to-follow format.
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Environmental Engineers' Handbook (2nd Edition)
by David H. F. Liu; January 1998; ISBN: 0-8493-9971-8
Protecting the global environment is a single-minded goal for all of us. Environmental engineers take this goal to task, meeting the needs of society with technical innovations. Revised, expanded, and fully updated to meet the needs of today's engineer working in industry or the public sector, the Environmental Engineers' Handbook, Second Edition is a single source of current information. It covers in depth the interrelated factors and principles that affect our environment and how we have dealt with them in the past, are dealing with them today, and how we will deal with them in the future. This stellar reference addresses the ongoing global transition in cleaning up the remains of abandoned technology, the prevention of pollution created by existing technology, and the design of future zero emission technology.
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Environmental Management: Problems and Solutions
edited by R. Ryan DuPont, Terry E. Baxter, and Louis Theodore; June 1998; ISBN: 1-5667-0316-6
There is a growing need to support undergraduate educators in the development of environmental management educational materials. Recognizing this need, the National Science Foundation funded a College Faculty Workshop on Environmental Management, that was conducted at Utah State University in July and August 1996. The principle objectives of the seminar were (1) to provide a meaningful course which would generate new ideas and innovative educational approaches in the emerging field of environmental management, and (2) to develop an applications-oriented problem workbook which would support undergraduate faculty involvement in the production of course materials. The result of this effort is Environmental Management: Problems and Solutions, an informative text on the essentials of environmental management.
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Environmental Management Systems: A Guide for Planning, Development, and Implementation
by Jay G. Martin and Gerald J. Edgley; 1998; ISBN: 0-86587-619-3
As environmental laws and regulations continue to change, the need for a systematized approach to environmental management and compliance increases. This book responds to that need and provides both experienced and inexperienced environmental managers with a practical "how-to" guide for developing a successful EMS.
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Environmental Science and Technology
by Stanley E. Manahan; January 1998; ISBN: 1-56670-213-5
This broad overview covers the four traditional spheres of the environment: water, air, earth, and life, and introduces a fifth sphere -- the "anthrosphere: -- which the author defines as the sphere of human activities, especially technology, that affect the earth. is organized into six major areas; one for each of the five spheres and one introductory section that explains the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Throughout the book, the relationships between the five spheres and their connections to the sciences are emphasized. For better or worse, technology is closely intertwined with the other four spheres. Humans utilize resources, manufacture goods, practice agriculture, and engage in other activities that have profound effects on the planet. This unique text/reference takes a realistic look at the environmental effects of human activities, and shows how constructively directed technology can have a beneficial effect on the Earth. 
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Environmental Site Assessment Phase I: A Basic Guide (2nd edition)
edited by Kathleen Hess; January 1998; ISBN: 1-56670-271-2
An environmental site assessment performed now will reduce the possibilities for liability claims and mandatory cleanup later. This Second Edition approaches environmental site assessment as an ever-evolving process, providing updated information on regulatory definitions, environmental regulations, and federal sources of information. Like the previous edition, this book allows the reader to better understand the rationale and processes involved in protecting those associated with buying or selling property become familiar with methods used by leaders in the industry develop an easy-to-follow investigative strategy for performing in-house assessments. Updated appendices help illustrate the fundamental points outlined in the guide. Environmental consultants, industrial hygienists, geologists, engineers, safety professionals, environmental lawyers, commercial real estate loan officers, and many others are sure to benefit from the straightforward explanations offered in Environmental Site Assessment Phase I: A Basic Guide, Second Edition.
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Handbook of Environmental Risk Assessment and Management
edited by Peter Calow; 1998; ISBN: 0865427321
This handbook presents the basic principles of risk assessment in a user-friendly way, showing how scientific and anticipatory methodologies are used to assess risks for people and the environment.
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10 Minute Ecologist : 20 Answered Questions for Busy People Facing Environmental Issues
by John, Jr Janovy; October 1997; ISBN 0312170432
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The Ecological Risks of Engineered Crops
by Jane Rissler, Margaret Mellon; April 1996; ISBN 0262680858
What will it mean to have a steady stream of animal and microbial genes entering the gene pools of plants in wild ecosystems? Private companies and the federal government are pouring significant resources into biotechnology, and the major application of genetic engineering to agriculture is transgenic crops. This carefully reasoned science and policy assessment shows that the commercialization and release of transgenic crops on millions of acres of farmland can pose serious -- and costly -- environmental risks. The authors propose a practical, feasible method of conducting precommercialization evaluations that will balance the needs of ecological safety with those of agriculture and business, and that will assist governments seeking to identify and protect against two of the most significant risks. Rissler and Mellon first define transgenic plants and review research currently under way in the field of crop biotechnology. They then identify and categorize the environmental risks presented by commercial uses of transgenic crops. These include the potential of transgenic crops to become weeds or to produce weeds with transgene properties such as herbicide resistance that may require costly control programs. Plants engineered to contain virus particles may facilitate the creation of new viruses that can affect economically important crops. Looking at global seed trade, the authors discuss the relationship between commercial approval in the United States and environmental risks abroad. Of particular concern is the flow of novel genes into the centers of crop biodiversity, primarily in the developing world, that could threaten the genetic base of the world's future food supply. The authors conclude by reviewing the current status of U.S. regulations governing transgenic crops. They discuss the difficulties that this new terrain presents to regulators, and offer recommendations concerning the commercial development, risk assessment, and regulation of these crops. 
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Estimating Economic Values for Nature: Methods for Non-Market Valuation (New Horizons in Environmental Economics Series)
by V. Kerry Smith; July 1996; Edward Elgar Publishing Incorporated; ISBN 1858981336
This volume contains a collection of papers prepared over 25 years by Center for Environmental and Resource Economic Policy at North Carolina State University director, professor, and Resources for the Future university fellow, V. Kerry Smith, that deal with the theory and practice of non-market valuation for environmental resources. The papers explore the conceptual basis, the implementation process, and empirical performance of all available methods of measuring economic values for the services of nature and how these values are constructed from people’s choices.
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Interpreting the Precautionary Principle
by Timothy O'Riordan and James Cameron, Editors; October 1994; ISBN 1853832006
Viewed from the perspective of environmental management, this study describes the implications and applications of the precautionary principle - a theory of avoiding risk even when its likelihood seems remote. This principle has been employed in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the North Atlantic Convention, yet it is not widely understood. This study examines the history and context of the principle, and its applications to law, governmental policies, business and investment, scientific research and international relations.
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