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 Risk Databases
Risk-related databases are listed by topic below.  To submit a database to this listing, contact Mary Bryant,
     Risk Assessment & Management
     Engineering -- Safety & Reliability
     Environmental Risks
     Health Risks
         Food Safety and Nutrition
         Safety and Health
     Risks in Everyday Life
     Science, General
Risk Assessment & Management

Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Health Insurance Component (MEPSnet/IC)

The United States Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's MEPSnet/IC--a collection of analytical tools that operate on MEPS data--provides easy access to national statistics and trends about health insurance offered by private establishments and state and local governments. MEPSnet/IC guides the user step-by-step to generate statistics using 1996, 1997, and 1998 data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Insurance Component. (Posted May 2001.)

Risk Assessment Information System (RAIS)

The RAIS began in 1996 under the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge Operations Office (ORO) to provide a clearing house for risk assessment information used to evaluate and remediate legacy contamination from the Manhattan Project. The RAIS was designed to provide all risk assessment processes in a transparent forum for the public, subcontractors, and State and Federal regulators. Guidance documents, tutorials, databases, historical information and risk models were all housed and integrated on the RAIS. Today the RAIS not only supports environmental restoration activities for the ORO but also provides its databases and tools to the world. Registered RAIS users are from 45 State governments, many Federal agencies, and over 60 countries. This work has been sponsored by the DOE Office of Environmental Management, ORO through a contract between Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC and the University of Tennessee. (Posted January 2000, updated November 2011.)
Engineering -- Safety & Reliability

This non-profit web site on reliability engineering and risk analysis has topical indexes to web sites and databases.   (Updated November 2000; posted February 2000.)
Environmental Risks

Central Internet Database

The U.S. Department of Energy has established CID to provide easier access to information on radioactive waste, hazardous materials, and facilities across the DOE complex. CID provides detailed information on department inventories and management activities for the following: low-level, transuranic and high-level waste; contaminated media; spent nuclear fuel; facilities; non-radioactive hazardous waste; toxic chemicals; materials in inventory; and buried transuranic waste. The initial release of CID, announced January 31, 2000, will be followed by updates adding more data and user functions to the system in February and March. DOE has committed to updating the database on a regular basis for the next six years. (Posted February 2000.)

Envirofacts Data Warehouse and Applications

A single point of direct access to select U.S. Environmental Protection Agency environmental data, this website allows the public to retrieve environmental information from EPA databases on Air, Chemicals, Facility Information, Grants/Funding, Hazardous Waste, Risk Management Plans, Superfund, Toxic Releases, and Water Permits, Drinking Water, Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence, and Drinking Water Microbial and Disinfection Byproduct Information (Information Collection Rule [ICR]). Information retrieval is available from several databases at once or from one database at a time. Online queries allow data to be retrieved for creating reports or for generating maps of environmental information by selecting from several mapping applications available through EPA's Maps On Demand. (Posted February 2000.)

Environmental Information Management System

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Research and Development has developed a scientific environmental information management system (EIMS) that stores, manages, and delivers descriptive information (metadata) for data sets, databases, documents, models, multimedia, projects, and spatial information. EIMS is a repository of products and metadata. The descriptive information in metadata enables users to evaluate and use the products. EIMS stores and maintains descriptive information in a relational database and refers to the products (data, documents, etc.) stored either within EIMS or as distributed external files. (Posted February 2000.)

European Pollutant Emission Register (EPER)

The first European-wide register to provide public, Internet access to information on the annual emissions of industrial facilities in the European Union's member states and in Norway, EPER is based on triennial data reports covering 50 pollutants that must be included if certain threshold values are exceeded. The first set of emissions data, covering the year 2001, was published in February 2004. The second set, covering 2004, will be reported in 2006. The European Environment Agency hosts the EPER website, which provides various ways to search the register and includes links to national registers and related EU and international organizations. (Posted March 2004.)


This global information system contains key data on the biology of practically all fish species known to science. The relational database caters to professionals--such as research scientists, fisheries managers, and zoologists--but provides all anyone--including anglers, scholars, and policymakers--would want to know about fishes. FishBase is available on the Web and on four CD-ROMs with a book that gives in-depth information about the concepts and data sources of the system. (Posted May 2002.)
InfoMap Technologies, Inc.
InfoMap Technologies, Inc. is an Environmental Information Company which provides online environmental records reports with increased accuracy to environmental engineers in order to meet their due diligence requirements, environmental attorneys to meet specific needs of their clients, corporate environmental officers and the banking community so they can minimize exposure in dealing with their properties.

InfoMap provides a variety of environmental reports that enable decision makers to instantly access and review information on environmental risks associated with any site, corporation or area of interest.

InfoMap is a partner in the Environmental FirstSearch Network, a national network of information companies working together to provide a Regional Focus while providing National Service.

Our Environmental FirstSearch software is designed to give you immediate access to our geographical database as well as our proprietary online maps. Designed to conform with the ASTM or AAI standard for a government records search, the FirstSearch Report is comprehensive, accurate and easy to interpret.

InfoMap is committed to providing the best customer service in the industry. As a client you will receive personalized attention and our local knowledge and experience will guarantee the most accurate reports in the industry. We dedicate our time and effort to assure your security in using Environmental FirstSearch reports.

INVADERS Database System

The web site of this comprehensive database of exotic plant names and weed distribution information for five states in the northwestern United States can display the spatial and temporal spread of weeds using historic distribution records, contains examples of how the data are used to improve weed management programs, and includes a noxious weed list section for the lower 48 United States and six southern Canadian provinces that can be searched by plant name, state name, or by clicking on a map. The software design of the INVADERS database structures and web-based query interface can be adapted to cover other regions and/or provide a national/continental scale system for early detection, tracking, and strategic management of invasive species. (Posted August 2000.)
Man and the Biosphere Species Databases
The Information Center for the Environment, in association with the U.S. Man and the Biosphere (U.S. MAB) Program, is developing databases of vascular plant and vertebrate animal occurrences on the world's biosphere reserves and other protected areas. Currently, the MABFlora (for vascular plants) and MABFauna (for vertebrate animals) databases contain records from over 660 protected areas in 97 countries. The MABFlora and MABFauna databases are continually updated as additional data are received. (Posted October 2000.)


Canadians can find out about chemical releases in their area through PollutionWatch, an Internet service that provides pollution locators and rankings by postal code, information on health effects and chemical regulations, and ways to take action. A joint project of the Canadian Environmental Defence Fund, Canadian Environmental Law Association, and the Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, PollutionWatch merges information from approximately 300 databases to create instant rankings based on pollution loads and health hazards for almost 2000 polluting facilities reporting in Canada. (Environmental Defense's Scorecard, PollutionWatch's sister site, provides U.S. environmental information.) (Posted April 2001.)


Environmental Defense's Scorecard provides free, easily accessible environmental information about the United States on the Internet. The website provides information about local air pollution and state-of-the-art interactive maps that can be accessed by zip code, as well as information on the toxic chemicals released by manufacturing facilities and the health risks of air pollution. It also ranks and compares pollution in areas across the U.S. and profiles 6,800 chemicals. Scorecard integrates more than 300 scientific and governmental databases as its data source. (PollutionWatch, Scorecard's sister site, provides environmental information about Canada.) (Posted April 2001.)

State of the Environment Reporting Information System (SERIS) of the European Environment Agency

SERIS is an Internet-based documentation of state of the environment (SoE) reports in European countries. The system aims at providing an overview of SoE documents (paper reports, internet versions, and policy-related products) per country and of the key organizations involved in/being responsible for SoE reporting. The SERIS system also provides an overview of environmental issues and sectors treated in SoE reports, including risk management, with links to information that is available on line. (Posted March 2000.)

Soil Screening Calculations

The U.S. EPA's Soil Screening Guidance provides a simple step-by-step methodology for environmental science/engineering professionals to calculate risk-based, site-specific soil screening levels (SSLs) for contaminants in soil that may be used to identify areas needing further investigation at Superfund National Priorities List sites. The Soil Screening Calculations web site, which is maintained by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Toxicology and Risk Analysis Section and is sponsored by the U.S. EPA's Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, includes more chemicals than the published Soil Screening Guidance and also an alternate equation for "Ingestion of Carcinogenic Contaminants in Soil" to account for those situations where a child is not a likely receptor. These have been added to make the tool as comprehensive as possible. (Posted January 2000.)

Sustainability Targets And Reference (STAR) Database of the European Environment Agency

The STAR database is an inventory of current environmental policy targets (standards, limit values, reductions or restrictions established in a law or policy document and derived by mainly political factors) and sustainability reference values (SRVs, which are established and broadly agreed, mainly on a scientific basis, to be either safe or acceptable or tolerable for human health and welfare, ecosystems, or other natural resources) that apply in the European Union, and in a range of countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), and in the Newly Independant States (NIS). (Posted March 2000.)
Toxics Release Inventory
The TRI, a publicly accessible toxic chemical database containing information concerning waste management activities and the release of toxic chemicals by facilities that manufacture, process, or use them, was developed and is maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under mandate of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (section 313) and the Pollution Prevention Act (section 6607). Using this information, citizens, businesses, and governments can work together to protect the quality of their land, air, and water. The TRI web site includes the 1998 Toxics Release Inventory Public Data Release Report, published in September 2000, which provides an overview of the 1998 TRI reporting year data, and TRI Explorer, which provides access to the TRI data that is easy to understand and flexible to use. Combined with hazard and exposure information, the TRI Explorer can be a valuable tool for risk identification. (Posted September 2000.)
Food Safety and Nutrition


ComBase, the world's largest on-line relational database of predictive microbiology information, contains thousands of data sets that describe the growth, survival, and inactivation of bacteria under diverse environments relevant to food processing operations. Researchers and institutions have donated the data sets, which have been derived from published literature. A joint effort of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service and the United Kingdom's Food Standards Agency and Institute of Food Research, ComBase is designed to help make risk assessments and model development easier and to facilitate research cooperation among scientists studying predictive microbiology (read news release). (Posted February 2004.)

Food Safety Research Information Office

FSRIO at the National Agricultural Library provides the research community and the general public with a tool for food safety research and policy planning through an on-line database of information on publicly funded and privately funded food safety research initiatives. Congress mandated this initiative to prevent unintended duplication of food safety research and to assist the U.S. government and private research entities with assessing food safety research needs and priorities. (Posted July 2001.)
Health Risks

Dedicated to providing cancer patients, caregivers, and health care providers with accurate, meaningful, and personalized information needed to make informed treatment decisions for an optimal outcome, is the first company to use scientific data from significant clinical studies to generate reports that are tailored to patients’ unique medical conditions through the database tool Cancer Profiler™. The Consumer site offers patients, their families, friends, and caregivers specific Cancer Centers containing services that include the Cancer Profiler™ tool, an on-line marketplace, e-mail discussion groups, and a searchable list of cancer support groups. The Physician site, currently for physicians only, contains resources including MEDLINE article abstracts, the Physicians' Desk Reference® drug information and interaction database, clinical trials listings, online discussion forums, and cancer news. (Posted August 2000.)

healthfinder® español

healthfinder® español contiene fuentes de información seleccionadas en español que le pueden servir de guía para tomar decisiones con relación a su salud. healthfinder® es una guía gratuita de información confiable de la salud, que ha sido desarrollada por el Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los Estados Unidos (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). El sitio proporciona un índice de búsqueda de uso fácil sobre información de la salud que ha sido cuidadosamente revisada y que proviene de más de 1.800 agencias gubernamentales, organizaciones sin fines de lucro y universidades. (Posted October 2001.)

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

IRIS, prepared and maintained by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, is an electronic database of information on human health effects that may result from exposure to various chemicals found in the environment. The consistent information on chemical substances that IRIS provides is used in risk assessment, decision making, and regulatory activities and is intended for use by those who do not have extensive training in toxicology but have some knowledge of health sciences.

The IRIS web page includes an alphabetical listing of the chemical files in IRIS, searchable by name and Chemical Abstracts Service Registry number; background documents and references; limitations to the use of information in IRIS; and a glossary of the scientific terms, acronyms, and abbreviations used in IRIS. (Posted May 12, 1997.)

International Toxicity Estimates for Risk

The on-line International Toxicity Estimates for Risk (ITER) database of peer-reviewed chemical risk assessments is aimed at risk assessors and managers who need human health toxicity values to make risk-based decisions. The non-profit Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) organization compiles the database from risk values from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Health Canada, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, and other sources in a consistent format to make comparisons easier. (Posted December 2, 1996.)
Research Guide on Malignant Mesothelioma Lung Cancer and Asbestos, a comprehensive on-line lung cancer tool and information portal, covers topics that include types of cancer, treatment options, hazardous careers at risk of asbestos exposure, and clinical trials. (posted 10/9/09)

OECD Health Data 2002

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has released its second, and final, Internet update file for OECD Health Data 2002, an essential tool for health researchers and policy advisors that offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health systems across OECD countries. This second Internet update includes all of the data of the first Internet update, which was released on June 18. The database is also for sale on CD-ROM in single-user and network versions for profit and non-profit organizations. For links to download or order the database and for more information, go to its homepage. (posted 8/9/02),3380,EN-links_abstract-684-5-no-no-1125-684,00.html
Risks in Everyday Life
Risk Analysis Center
A large and ever growing on-line database containing abstracts of risk-related information is the heart of Risk Analysis Center, a major information resource on the subject of risks affecting humans that aims to contribute to better public understanding of, and ability to evaluate, risk in everyday life. The abstracts come from articles containing information about risk that appear in the press (leading newspapers are scanned daily) and in scientific, medical and technical journals. Risk material from books, papers, and technical reports from academic, research and other institutions is also included. Other features include a risk bibiliography, articles and discussion papers on risk subjects, and a directory of links to risk-related Web sites. NTC Publishing, a part of the Information Sciences group, based in Henley-on-Thames, United Kingdom, has developed the center. Access to Risk Analysis Center is free, but registration is required for full access to the database. (Posted April 2001.)
Safety and Health
This online, searchable bibliographic database of occupational safety and health publications, documents, grant reports, and other communication products supported in whole or in part by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) contains approximately 32,000 occupational safety and health information resource citations. Some 20,000 of the resources date from 1971 to the present. The additional 12,000 publications, which date from the 1930s to the present, come from the NIOSH Mining Safety & Health Research Laboratories (formerly the U. S. Bureau of Mines). (Posted: September 19, 2003.)
Science, General
Canadian Community of Science
The Canadian Community of Science network, which restricts access to many of its resources to subscribers only, is a repository of searchable scientific information compiled from major universities and research organizations in Canada. Its databases include a directory of Canadian researchers; funding opportunities available from federal, state, and private sponsors in Canada; inventions made at Canadian universities and research organizations; a listing of Canadian research facilities; and the inventory of Canadian Agri-Food Research. (Posted: December 3, 1996.)

NASA TechTracS

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has developed and is making available to the public NASA TechTracS, a database of all NASA programs, technologies, and success stories that may have commercial potential and benefits. Searching the database for "risk" produces a list of specific new technologies with commercial potential and NASA-funded tasks (program area contracts and grants) that may produce technologies with commercial potential. (Updated April 2000.)
TranStats (replaces Intermodal Transportation Data Base)
This Bureau of Transportation Statistics Web site provides transportation researchers and analysts "one-stop shopping" for transportation data. Replacing the former Intermodal Transportation Data Base (ITDB), the new site's features include a searchable index of over 100 transportation-related data bases across every transportation mode, a selective download capability to choose variables of interest and to download the data to a PC for analysis using any data base, spreadsheet, or statistical package, data documentation, interactive analytical tools, interactive mapping, and a mapping center with the full National Transportation Atlas Data Base. Read the news release. (Posted September 2002.)



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